جستجوی عبارت carpenter



carpentry

carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc. carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood and did the rougher work such as framing, but today many other materials are also used[1] and sometimes the finer trades of cabinetmaking and furniture building are considered carpentry. carpentry in the united states is almost always done by men. with 98.5% of carpenters being male, it was the fourth most male-dominated occupation in the country in 1999,[2] and there were about 1.5 million positions in 2006.[3] carpenters are usually the first tradesmen on a job and the last to leave.[4] carpenters normally framed post-and-beam buildings until the end of the 19th century; now this old fashioned carpentry is called timber framing. carpenters learn this trade by being employed through an apprenticeship training—normally 4 years—and qualify by successfully completing that country's department of labour competency test in places such as the uk, usa and south africa. it is also common that the skill can be learnt by gaining work experience other than a formal training program, which may be the case in many places.

درودگری یا نجاری حرفه ای در صنعت و زیرگروه نخستین صنایع چوب است. یک درودگر؛ فردی است که به ساخت انواع محصولات چوبی می پردازد. صنعتگران درودگر معمولا سازندگان در و پنجره و مبلمان، ک نت سازان ، قایق سازان و غیره هستند. همچنین، هنرمندان کنده کاری روی چوب و سازتراشان نیز عضوی از گروه درودگران هستند. درودگری فنی کهن است و انسان از ابتدای شهرنشینی نیز به درودگری و نجاری می پرداخته است.

etymology[edit]

the word "carpenter" is the english rendering of the old french word carpentier (later, charpentier) which is derived from the latin carpentrius [artifex], "(maker) of a carriage.[5] the middle english and scots word (in the sense of "builder") was wright (from the old english wryhta, cognate with work), which could be used in compound forms such as wheelwright or boatwright.[6] in british slang, a carpenter is sometimes referred to as a "chippy".

use of terms in the united kingdom[edit]

in the uk, carpentry is more correctly used to describe the skill involved in first fixing of timber items, such as construction of roofs, floors and timber framed buildings, i.e., those areas of construction that are normally hidden in a finished building. second fix work, the construction of items such as skirting boards, architraves, and doors also comes under carpentry. carpentry is also used to construct the formwork into which concrete is poured during the building of structures such as roads and highway overp es. in the uk, the skill of making timber formwork for poured, or in situ, concrete, is referred to as shuttering. while the primary material used in carpentry is wood, the construction of walls with metal studs and concrete formwork with reusable metal forms is considered a carpentry skill.[citation needed] joinery is the making of items such as stairs and windows, off site in a workshop or joiner shop.

use of terms in the united states[edit]

carpentry in the united states is historically defined similarly to the united kingdom as the "heavier and stronger"[7] work distinguished from a joiner "...who does lighter and more ornamental work than that of a carpenter..." although the "...work of a carpenter and joiner are often combined."[8] joiner is less common than the terms finish carpenter or cabinetmaker. the terms housewright and barnwright were used historically, now occasionally used by carpenters who work using traditional methods and materials. someone who builds custom concrete formwork is a form carpenter.

history[edit]

log church building in russia reached spectacular heights such as this example from the 17th century

wood is one of mankind's oldest building materials. the ability to shape wood improved with technological a nces from the stone age to the bronze age to the iron age. relatively little information about carpentry is available from pre-history (before written language) or even recent centuries because the knowledge and skills were p ed down person to person, rarely in writing, until the printing press was invented in the 15th century and builders began regularly publishing guides and pattern books in the 18th and 19th centuries. the oldest surviving, complete architectural text is vitruvius' ten books collectively titled de architectura which discusses some carpentry.

some of the oldest, surviving, wooden buildings in the world are the temples in china such as the nanchan temple built in the year 782, the greensted church parts of which are from the 11th century, the stave churchs in norway from the 12th and 13th centuries.

by the 16th century sawmills were coming into use in europe.[9] the founding of america was partly based on a desire to extract resources from the new continent including wood for use in ships and buildings in europe. in the 18th century part of the industrial revolution was the invention of the steam engine and cut nails.[10] these technologies combined with the invention of the circular saw led to the development of balloon framing which was the beginning of the decline of traditional timber framing. the 19th century saw the development of electrical engineering and distribution which allowed the development of hand-held power tools, wire nails and machines to m -produce screws. in the 20th century portland cement e into common use and concrete foundations allowed carpenters to do away with heavy timber sills. also, drywall e into common use replacing lime plaster on wooden lath. plywood, engineered lumber and chemically treated lumber also e into use.[11]

for types of carpentry used in america see american historic carpentry.

training[edit]

the centre pompidou-metz museum under construction in metz, france in 2009. the building possesses one of the most complex examples of carpentry built to date and is composed of 16 kilometers of glued laminated timber for a surface area of 8,000 m².

carpentry requires training which involves both acquiring knowledge and physical practice. in formal training a carpenter begins as an apprentice, then becomes a journeyman, and with enough experience and competency can eventually attain the status of a master carpenter. today pre-apprenticeship training may be gained through non-union vocational programs such as high school shop cl es and community colleges.

informally a laborer may simply work alongside carpenters for years learning skills by observation and peripheral istance. while such an individual may obtain journeyman status by paying the union entry fee and obtaining a journeyman's card (which provides the right to work on a union carpentry crew) the carpenter foreman will, by necessity, dismiss any worker who presents the card but does not demonstrate the expected skill level.

carpenters may work for an employer or be self-employed. no matter what kind of training a carpenter has had, some u. s. states require contractors to be licensed which requires p ing a written test and having minimum levels of insurance.

carpentry schools and programs[edit]

formal training in the carpentry trade is available in seminars, certificate programs, high school programs, online cl es,[12] ociate degree programs, and a nced college degrees[13] in the new construction, restoration, and preservation carpentry fields.[14] sometimes these programs are called pre-apprenticeship training.

in the modern british construction industry, carpenters are trained through apprenticeship schemes where general certificate of secondary educations (gcse) in mathematics, english, and technology help but are not essential. however, this is deemed the preferred route, as young people can earn and gain field experience whilst training towards a nationally recognized qualification.

there are two main divisions of training: construction-carpentry and cabinetmaking. during pre-apprenticeship, trainees in each of these divisions spend 30 hours a week for 12 weeks in cl rooms and indoor workshops learning mathematics, trade terminology, and skill in the use of hand and power tools. construction-carpentry trainees also participate in calisthenics to prepare for the physical aspect of the work.

upon completion of pre-apprenticeship, trainees who have successfully p ed the graded curriculum (taught by highly experienced journeyman carpenters) are igned to a local union and to union carpentry crews at work on construction sites or in cabinet shops as first year apprentices. over the next four years, as they progress in status to second year, third year, and fourth year apprentice, apprentices periodically return to the training facility every three months for a week of more detailed training in specific aspects of the trade.

apprenticeships and journeymen carpenters[edit]

tradesmen in countries such as germany and australia are required to fulfill a formal apprenticeship (usually three to four years) to work as a professional carpenter. upon graduation from the apprenticeship, he or she is known as a journeyman carpenter.

up through the 19th and even the early 20th century, the journeyman traveled to another region of the country to learn the building styles and techniques of that area before (usually) returning home. in modern times, journeymen are not required to travel, and the term now refers to a level of proficiency and skill. union carpenters in the united states, that is, members of the united brotherhood of carpenters and joiners of america, are required to p a skills test to be granted official journeyman status, but uncertified professional carpenters may also be known as journeymen based on their skill level, years of experience, or simply because they support themselves in the trade and not due to any certification or formal woodworking education.

professional status as a journeyman carpenter in the united states may be obtained in a number of ways. formal training is acquired in a four-year apprenticeship program administered by the united brotherhood of carpenters and joiners of america, in which journeyman status is obtained after successful completion of twelve weeks of pre-apprenticeship training, followed by four years of on-the-job field training working alongside journeyman carpenters. the timber framers guild also has a formal apprenticeship program for traditional timber framing. training is also available in groups like the kim bồng woodworking village in vietnam where apprentices live and work to learn woodworking and carpentry skills.

in canada, each province sets its own standards for apprenticeship. the average length of time is four years and includes a minimum number of hours of both on-the-job training and technical instruction at a college or other institution. depending on the number of hours of instruction an apprentice receives, he or she can earn a certificate of proficiency, making him or her a journeyman, or a certificate of qualification, which allows him or her to practice a more limited amount of carpentry. canadian carpenters also have the option of acquiring an additional interprovincial red seal that allows them to practice anywhere in canada. the red seal requires the completion of an apprenticeship and an additional examination.

master carpenter[edit]

after working as a journeyman for a while, a carpenter may go on to study or test as a master carpenter. in some countries, such as germany and japan, this is an arduous and expensive process, requiring extensive knowledge (including economic and legal knowledge) and skill to achieve master certification; these countries generally require master status for anyone employing and teaching apprentices in the craft. in others, 'master carpenter' can be a loosely used term to describe any skilled carpenter.

fully trained carpenters and joiners will often move into related trades such as shop fitting, scaffolding, bench joinery, maintenance and system installation.

materials used[edit]

carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood which has been prepared by splitting (riving), hewing, or sawing with a pit saw or sawmill called lumber (american english) or timber (british english). today natural and engineered lumber and many other building materials carpenters may use are typically prepared by others and delivered to the job site. in 2013 the carpenters union in america used the term carpenter for a catch-all position. tasks performed by union carpenters include installing "...flooring, windows, doors, interior trim, cabinetry, solid surface, roofing, framing, siding, flooring, insulation, ...acoustical ceilings, computer-access flooring, metal framing, wall partitions, office furniture systems, and both custom or factory-produced materials, ...trim and molding,... ceiling treatments, ... exposed columns and beams, displays, mantels, staircases...metal studs, metal lath, and drywall..."[15]

health and safety[edit]

united states[edit]

carpentry is often hazardous work. types of woodworking and carpentry hazards include machine hazards, flying materials, tool projection, fire and explosion, electrocution, noise, vibration, dust and chemicals. in the united states the occupational safety and health administration (osha) tries to prevent illness, injury and fire through regulations. however, self-employed workers are not covered by the osha act.[16] osha claims that "since 1970, workplace fatalities have been reduced by more than 65 percent and occupational injury and illness rates have declined by 67 percent. at the same time, u.s. employment has almost doubled."[17] the leading cause of overall fatalities, called the "fatal four", are falls, followed by struck by object, electrocution, and caught-in/between. in general construction "employers must provide working conditions that are free of known dangers. keep floors in work areas in a clean and, so far as possible, a dry condition. select and provide required personal protective equipment at no cost to workers. train workers about job hazards in a language that they can understand."[18] examples of how to prevent falls includes placing railings and toe-boards at any floor opening which cannot be well covered and elevated platforms and safety harness and lines, safety nets, stair railings and hand rails.

safety is not just about the workers on the job site. carpenters work needs to meet the requirements in the life safety code such as in stair building and building codes to promote long term quality and safety for the building occupants.

great britain[edit]

health and safety regulations in the united kingdom personal protective equipment at work regulations 1992

types and occupations[edit]

a finish carpenter (north america), also called a joiner (a traditional name now rare in north america), is one who does finish carpentry, that is, cabinetry, furniture making, fine woodworking, model building, instrument making, parquetry, joinery, or other carpentry where exact joints and minimal margins of error are important. some large-scale construction may be of an exactitude and artistry that it is cl ed as finish carpentry.

a carpenter and joiner is one who has a much broader skill ranging from joinery, finishing carpentry, building construction and form work.

a trim carpenter specializes in molding and trim, such as door and window casings, mantels, baseboards, and other types of ornamental work. cabinet installers may also be referred to as trim carpenters.

a cabinetmaker is a carpenter who does fine and detailed work specializing in the making of cabinets made from wood, wardrobes, dressers, storage chests, and other furniture designed for storage.

a ship's carpenter specializes in shipbuilding, maintenance, repair techniques and carpentry specific to nautical needs in addition to many other on-board tasks; usually the term refers to a carpenter who has a post on a specific ship. steel warships as well as wooden ones need ship's carpenters, especially for making emergency repairs in the case of battle or storm damage.

a shipwright builds wooden ships on land.

a cooper is someone who makes barrels: wooden staved vessels of a conical form, of greater length than breadth.

a scenic carpenter builds and dismantles temporary scenery and sets in film-making, television, and the theater.

a framer is a carpenter who builds the skeletal structure or wooden framework of buildings, most often in the platform framing method. historically, balloon framing was used until the 1950s when fire safety concerns made platform framing inherently better. a carpenter who specializes in building with timbers rather than studs is known as a timber framer and does traditional timber framing with wooden joints, including mortise-and-tenon joinery, post and beam work with metal connectors, or pole building framing.

a luthier is someone who makes or repairs stringed instruments. the word luthier comes from the french word for lute, "luth".

a log builder builds structures of stacked, horizontal logs including houses, barns, churches, fortifications, and more.

a formwork carpenter creates the shuttering and falsework used in concrete construction.

in japanese carpentry, daiku is the simple term for carpenter, a miya-daiku (temple carpenter) performs the work of both architect and builder of shrines and temples, and a sukiya-daiku works on teahouse construction and houses. sashimono-shi build furniture and tateguya do interior finishing work.[19]

a restoration carpenter is a carpenter who works in historic building restoration, someone who restores a structure to a former state.

a conservation carpenter works in architectural conservation, known in the u.s. as a "preservation carpenter" who works in historic preservation, someone who keeps structures from changing.

green carpentry is the specialization in the use of environmentally friendly,[20] energy-efficient[21] and sustainable[22] sources of building materials for use in construction projects. they also practice building methods that require using less material and material that has the same structural soundness.[23]

notable carpenters[edit]

religious figures

jesus

saint joseph

mayasura

noah

viswakarma

habib the carpenter

historic figures

lu ban

matthew banckes

jean-baptiste bédard (carpenter)

james c. carpenter

john c

john day (carpenter)first submarine casualty in his own "diving chamber"

hugh herland

jacob w. holt, mid 19th century north carolina

thomas holt (architect)

william huber

william hurley

sympson the joiner

alexander delos "boss" jones

robert lyminge

peter j. mcguire

harry mcnish

thomas moore (australian)

perumthachan

lord nelson roney, designed and built many of oregon's early covered bridges

francis ruddle

peter street

contemporary

norm "new yankee" abram

jeremy broun

theo wade brown

adam carolla

harrison ford

brian haw

andy kane

thomas j. macdonald

nick offerman

alan peters

roy underhill

see also[edit]

atlanta community toolbank

guild

woodworking

worshipful company of carpenters

artisan

traditional trades

منبع ( ویکی پدیا )

wikipedia carpentry

وبسایت فن و هنر


what our dead do

کاری که مرده هامون میکنن

رنه ماگریت

by zbigniew herbert

translated to english by carpenter">john carpenter and carpenter">bogdana carpenter

جان صبح کله سحر اومد پیشم.

گفت « خواب بابامو دیدم

داشت تو یه تابوت از جنس بلوط برا خودش میگشت.

من رفتم پهلوی نعش کشه.

بعد بابام برگشتم سمت من:

بابا چه خوب شدم با این لباسا که تنم کردی.

مراسمم هم خیلی خوشکل شده.

این وقت سال...این همه گل...حتما کلی ج واست ورداشته.

نگران این چیزاش نباش بابا- من گفتم-

بذار مردم بدونن انقدر دوستون داشتیم که از هیچی دریغ نکنیم.

شیش تا مرد با لباسای مشکی خدمه،

خیلی خوشکل داشتن کنارمون راه می اومدن.

بابا یه لحظه فکر کرد و گفت:

کلید کمده توی قلمدون نقره ای اَس.

هنو یه خورده پول توی کشو دست چپی مونده.

با این پول واست یه سنگ قبر می یم،

یه دونه از این گنده های مرمری سیاهش باباجون.

- من بش گفتم-

گفت حالا واجب که نیس این چیزا،

بدینش بدبخت بیچاره ها.

شیش تا مرد سیاه پوش

همینطور نرم کنار ما راه می اومدن.

فانوسای روشنشونم با خودشون می آرودن.

باز داشت به یه چیزی فکر میکرد انگار

- حواست به گلای تو باغچه باشه.

تو زمستون حس بپوشونشون.

نمیخوام حروم شن طفلیا.

تو از هم شون بزرگتری- بابام اینجوری گفت-

از تو کیسه پشمیه پشت اون تابلوِه که به دیواره،

دکمه سردستا رو بکش بیرون.

مرواریدِ اصلن.

بذا خیر و خوشی برات بیاره،

مامانم وقتی دبیرستان رو تموم بهم دادشون.

بعد دیگه هیچی نگفت.

فک کنم وارد یه خواب عمیقتر شده بود.»

اینجوریاس که مرده هامون هوامونو داران.

تو خوابامون بهمون هشدار میدن،

آدرس پولای گم شده مونو بهمون میدن،

دنبال کار میگردن واسمون،

شماره های بلیط بخت آزمایی رو درِگوشی واسمون میکنن.

یا اگه نتونن از این کارا ن، با انگشتاشون آروم میزنن پشت پنجره ها.

اونوخ ما در نهایت نمک نشناسی

ابدیتی رو واسشون تصور میکنیم به چه گرم و نرمی و راحتی،

انگار که موشی واسه خودش

تو لونه خو ده باشه.

(elegy for the departure (the ecco press, 1999

زبیگنیف هربرت

ترجمه به فارسی :رضا بهرامی

ندارد


اختصاصی از فایل هلپ تحقیق در مورد about tadao ando 33 صفحه متن انگلیسی با و پر سرعت .

لینک و ید پایین توضیحات

فرمت فایل word  و قابل ویرایش و پرینت

تعداد صفحات: 33

 

...about tadao ando

tadao ando of osaka, japan is a man who is at the pinnacle of success in his own country. in the last few years, he has emerged as a cultural force in the world as well. in 1995, the pritzker architecture prize was formally presented to him within the walls of the grand trianon palace at versailles, france. there is little doubt that anyone in the world of architecture will not be aware of his work. that work, primarily in reinforced concrete, defines spaces in unique new ways that allow constantly changing patterns of light and wind in all his structures, from homes and apartment complexes to places of worship, public museums and commercial shopping centers.

"in all my works, light is an important controlling factor," says ando. "i create enclosed spaces mainly by means of thick concrete walls. the primary reason is to create a place for the individual, a zone for oneself within society. when the external factors of a city's environment require the wall to be without openings, the interior must be especially full and isfying."

and further on the subject of walls, ando writes, "at times walls manifest a power that borders on the violent. they have the power to divide space, transfigure place, and create new domains. walls are the most basic elements of architecture, but they can also be the most enriching."

 

raika headquaters building, interior, osaka, japan

ando continues, "such things as light and wind only have meaning when they are introduced inside a house in a form cut off from the outside world. i create architectural order on the basis of geometry squares, circles, triangles and rectangles. i try to use forces in the area where i am building, to restore the unity between house and nature (light and wind) that was lost in the process of modernizing japanese houses during the id growth of the fifties and sixties."

john morris dixon of progressive architecture wrote in 1990: "the geometry of ando's interior plans, typically involving rectangular systems cut through by curved or angled walls, can look at first glance rather arbitrary and abstract. what one finds in the actual buildings are spaces carefully adjusted to human occupancy." further, he describes ando's work as reductivist, but "...the effect is not to deprive us of sensory richness. far from it. all of his restraint seems aimed at focusing our attention on the relationships of his ample volumes, the play of light on his walls, and the processional sequences he develops."

in his childhood, he spent his time mostly in the fields and streets. from ages 10 to 17, he also spent time making wood models of ships, airplanes, and moulds, learning the craft from a carpenter whose shop was across the street from his home. after a brief stint at being a boxer, ando began his self-education by apprenticing to several relevant persons such as designers and city planners for short periods. "i was never a good student. i always preferred learning things on my own outside of cl . when i was about 18, i started to visit temples, shrines, and tea houses in kyoto and nara, there's a lot of great traditional architecture in the area. i was studying architecture by going to see actual buildings, and reading books about them. " he made study trips to europe and the united states in the sixties to view and analyze great buildings of western civilization, keeping a detailed sketch book which he does even to this day when he travels.

about that same time, ando relates that he discovered a book about le corbusier in a secondhand bookstore in osaka. it took several weeks to save enough money to buy it. once in his possession, ando says, "i traced the drawings of his early period so many times that all the pages turned black. in my mind, i quite often wonder how le corbusier would have thought about this project or that." when he visited marseilles, ando recalls visiting corbu's unite d'habitation, and being intrigued by the dynamic use of concrete. although concrete (along with steel and gl ) is ando's favorite material, he has used wood in a few rare projects, including the japan pavilion for expo '92 in spain.

 

 

japan pavillion, expo '92, sevilla, spain

ando's concrete is often referred to as "smooth-as-silk." he explains that the quality of construction does not depend on the mix itself, but rather on the form work into which the concrete is cast. because of the tradition of wooden architecture" in japan, the craft level of carpentry is very high. wooden form work, where not a single drop of water will escape from the seams of the forms depends on this. watertight forms are essential. otherwise, holes can appear and the surface can crack.

his form moulds, or wooden shuttering (as it is called in japan), are even varnished to achieve smooth-as-silk finish to the concrete. the evenly spaced holes in the concrete, that have become almost an ando trademark, are the result of bolts that hold the shuttering together. ando's concrete is both structure and surface, never ouflaged or plastered over.

although ando has a preference for concrete, it is not part of the japanese building tradition. "most japanese houses are built with wood and paper," he explains, "including my own. i have lived there since i was a child. it is like my cave, i'm very comfortable there." he explained that he was the firstborn of twin boys. when he was two, it was decided that his maternal grandmother would raise him, and he was given her name, ando. they first lived near the port of osaka before moving to where he lives today.

ando's appreciation of the carpenter's craft comes partially because as he describes, "i spent a lot of time as a child observing in a woodworking shop across" the street from the house where i grew up. i be e interested in trying to make shapes out of wood. with young eyes and sensitivities, i watched how trees grew, altered by how the sun hit it, changing the qualities of the lumber produced. i e to understand the absolute balance between a form and the material from which it is made. i experienced the inner struggle inherent in the human act of applying will to give birth to a form."

ando continues, "later my interest gradually concentrated on architecture, which makes possible the consideration of intimate relations between material and form, and between volume and human life. the aim of my design is, while embodying my own architectural theories, to impart rich meaning to spaces through natural elements and the many aspects of daily life. in other words, i try to relate the fixed form and compositional method to the kind of life that will be lived in the given space and to local regional society. my mainstay in selecting the solutions to these problems, is my independent architectural theory ordered on the basis o eometry of simple forms, my own ideas of life, and my emotions as a japanese."

 


با


تحقیق در مورد about tadao ando 33 صفحه متن انگلیسی

کاربرد واقعیت مجازی در وب


بسیاری از شرکت های بزرگ به دنبال واقعیت مجازی نیستند و استفاده از این تکنولوژی برای آن ها سود مستقیم و مشخصی نخواهد داشت. ولی در طرفی دیگر افرادی هستند که در شرکت های بزرگ کار میکنند و به تأثیر واقعیت مجازی و کاربردی بودن آن در وب و طراحی وب سایت ها اعتقاد دارند. برای مثال brandon jones ی در شرکت گوگل که واقعیت مجازی را در یکی از پروژه ها در کروم پیاده سازی کرد یا یک تیم کوچک در شرکت موزیلا به مدیریت josh carpenter که در حال پیاده سازی واقعیت مجازی بر روی فایرفا هستند، از جمله این افراد میباشند.



(توضیحات josh carpenter را در مورد واقعیت مجازی و پیاده سازی آن در دنیای وب میتوانید در این ویدئو ببینید).
پروژه هایی مثل altspacevr یا beebola وجود دارند که امکان تجربه واقعیت مجازی را به صورت عمومی و در مرورگر کاربر یا در پلت فرم هایی مثل vizor فراهم میکنند. در پلت فرم vizor حتی میتوانید محتوای واقعیت مجازی برای وب ایجاد کنید بدون نیاز به اینکه یک برنامه نویس حرفه ای باشید. همچنین اپلیکیشن هایی برای موبایل وجود دارد که با استفاده از آن ها به همراه عینک های واقعیت مجازی میتوانید تماس های تلفنی به صورت واقعیت مجازی داشته باشید و احساس کنید که در کنار عزیزانتان هستید.

چرا واقعیت مجازی در دنیای وب و طراحی سایت در حال رواج است؟



زیرا وب و اینترنت یک محیط باز است که از هر دستگاهی قابل دسترسی است و همچنین کاربران اینترنت روز به روز به دنبال سرعت بیشتر و رسیدن به خواسته خود به صورت هر چه سریعتر هستند.
حال ترجیح با شماست! میتوانید بر روی بخش کوچکی از کاربران تمرکز کنید که حاضرند برای داشتن تجربه بهتر و جدیدتر هر هزینه ای را انجام دهند یا گروه عمده کاربران را در نظر بگیرید که به دنبال تکنولوژی های جدید نیستند و هزینه ای هم برای آن پرداخت نمیکنند.
آینده قابل پیش بینی نیست ممکن است روزی برسد که اکثر وب سایت ها از واقعیت مجازی استفاده کنند و کاربران تجربه کاملاً متفاوتی از وب داشته باشند.



نام مشاغل به زبان انگلیسی

meaning

jobs

meaning

jobs

ماشین نویس

typist

مدیر مدرسه

principal

آسیابان

miller

پزشک

physician

کارشناس اینترنت

webmaster

رقاص

dancer

آمارگیر

actuary

بایگان ، ضابط

archivist

مفسر

interpreter

دریا نورد، بحر پیما

seafarer

قبر کن

undertaker

کارفرما

employer

کشیش

priest

معاون

istant

کتاب فروش

bookseller

دیپلمات

diplomat

ناشر

publisher

کارآگاه

detective

نانوا

baker

بخشدار

demarche

مدیر

manager

کارمند

employee

فرماندار

governor

خیاط نه

dress maker

صندوقدار

cashier

receptionist

هواشناس

weatherman

خدمتکار زن

maid

تعمیرکار

repairman

چوپان

shepherd/rancher

کشاورز

farmer

باغدار

gardener

هنرمند

artist

موذن

muezzin

بانکدار

banker

ساربان

eleer

آهنگر

blacksmith

آشپز

cook

رئیس

boss

دندان پزشک

dentist

سر تیپ

brigadier

نجار

carpenter

سرایدار

caretaker

خانه دار

housekeeper

کارمند

clerk

شورا

council

مربی ( ورزشی )

coach

نویسنده

writer/author

سرهنگ

colonel

گارسون

waiter

غواص

diver

professor

doctor

فروشنده

seller

دربان

doorman

شیشه بر

gl maker

مدیر مرد

headmaster

مدیرزن

headmistress

سبزی و میوه فروش

green grocery

زن خانه دار

house wife

نگهبان

guard

نقاش ساختمان

painter

آتش نشان

firefighter/fireman

قایقران

boatman

قاضی

judge

ماهیگیر

fisherman

lawyer

رفتگر

street sweeper

کارگر

worker

minister

شهردار

mayor

خلبان

pilot

معدنچی

miner

کمک خلبان

copilot

پرستار

nurse

آرایشگر مرد

barber

افسر

officer

clergy man

عکاس

p og her

متخصص

specialist

لوله کش

plumber

فوتبالیست

footballer

بازیگر

player

قصاب

butcher

باربر

porter

ساعت ساز

watchman

رئیس جمهور

president

بقال

grocer

leader

تلفنچی

operator

نخست

prime minister

تاجر

merchant

روانشناس

psychologist

چشم پزشک/ عین از

optician/optometrist

گزارشگر

reporter

خطاط

callig her

بازنشسته

retired

جنگلبان

forester

مجسمه ساز

sculptor

معلم

teacher

گروهبان

sergeant

engineer

جراح

surgeon

راننده

driver

مغازه دار

shopkeeper

خواننده

singer

سرباز

soldier

سخنران

speaker

سفالگر

potter

جوشکار

welder

جهانگرد

tourist

بساز بفروش

jerry builder

معمار

architect

بنا

mason

گل فروش

florist

دلال

stockbroker

آهنگ ساز

composer

پرستار بچه

babysitter

مترجم

translator

محیط شناس

ecologist

رو مه نگار

journalist

داروفروش

pharmacist

پستچی

postman

کلانتر

sheriff

کفاش

shoemaker

شکارچی

hunter

کارگر ساختمان

construction worker

حسابدار

accountant

گوینده

announcer

گوینده خبر

news announcer

کارگردان

director

شاعر

poet

ارکتسر

conductor

پیشخدمت

servant

نظامی

army

نا خدا

captain

فرماندار

governor

خیاط نه

dress maker

دانش آموز

student

خیاط مردانه

tailor

تعمیرکار

repairman

چوپان

shepherd/rancher

اقتصاد دان

economist

مهماندار هواپیما

flight attendant

دانشمند

scientist

پژوهشگر

researcher

راننده کامیون

truck driver

هنر پیشه زن

actress

آذین گر

decorator

هنر پیشه مرد

actor

داور

referee

ویراستار، سر دبیر

editor

سرآشپز

chef

دامپزشک

veterinarian

نقشه بردار

surveyor

موسیقیدان

ian

ملوان

sailor


توجه:هرکی نخواد اینا رو بخونه می تونه چهارشنبه ها تو منو تو 1 ساعت 22 این رو نگا کنه وا قعا عالی ای است
داستان سریال grimm +ع بازیگران

کارآگاه نیک برکات فکر می کرد که برای کار در دایره ی جناییِ پورتلند آمادست , تا اینکه شروع به دیدن چیزهایی کرد که توضیحی براشون نداشت . و بعد از ملاقات با آ ین بازمانده ی خانوادش , نیک به رازی که در پس این وقایع هست پی می بره . نیک مثل بقیه ی آدمها نیست , اون از نوادگانِ نسلی از شکارچی هاست که به اسم “گریم” شناخته می شن. انی که مسوول جلوگیری از تکثیر موجوداتِ ماورالطبیعه هستن. و این گونست که داستانِ نیک آغاز می شه , در حالی که در ابتدا نسبت به این جریان بی میله ولی در حالی که مشغول کار بر روی پرونده های جنایی به همراهِ همکارش هست به جریاناتی بر می خوره که باعث می شه با دنیای این موجوداتِ انسان نما ارتباط برقرار کنه .

سریال “grimm” که فصل سومش به تازگی از شبکه nbc در حال پخش است، یک سریال جذاب و دیدنی در ژانردارم- تخیلی-فانتزی-راز آلود می باشد. در ژانویه سال ۲۰۱۱ شبکه nbc سفارش سریالی به نام grimm را داد. در همین راستا david greenwalt و jim kou اولین اپیزود این سریال را نوشتند که توسط marc buckland کارگردانی شد. برداری اولین قسمت این مجموعه در ماه مارس انجام شد. سپس این مجموعه مورد تأیید قرار گرفته و استودیوی یونیور سال تهیه کنندگی این سریال را بر عهده گرفت. شبکه nbc اپیزود های بعدی را هم ساخت، اما زمان نمایش را در ماه هالووین اعلام کرد که نهایت در روز ۲۸ اکتبر ۲۰۱۱ این سریال از شبکه nbc به نمایش درآمد.

داستان سریال، درباره موجودات تخیلی انسان نماست . فضای سریال هم کاملا تاریک بوده و راز آلود بودن سریال نیز آن را از بقیه سریال های پاییزی امسال متفاوت می کند.داستان اصلی سریال در فصل اول، در باره پلیسی به نام “نیک” می باشد که وقتی از گذشته خود آگاه می شود متوجه رازی می شود، او در ادامه داستان متوجه خواهد شد انسان ها همیشه آنطور که ما می بینیم طبیعی نیستند.

عوامل تولید:

کارگردان: stephen carpenter

نویسنده: jim kou-david greenwalt

تهیه کننده: steve oster

موزیک:richard martin

کشور تولید کننده: امریکا

شبکه پخش کننده:nbc

زمان شروع سریال:۲۸ اکتبر ۲۰۱۱

زمان هر اپیزود:۴۳ دقیقه

شرکت تولید کننده: یونیورسال استدیو

ژانر:درام-فانتزی-رازآلود-تخیلی

بازیگران:


david giuntoli as nick burkhardt

کاراگاهی که بعد از کشف جنازه ای پی به راز مهممافوق طبیعی بودن بعضی از انسان ها میبره و میفهمه که شکارچیانی وجود دارند.

نام: 1.jpg نمایش: 1915 اندازه: 7.7 کیلو بایت
russell hornsby as hank griffin
همکار کاراگاه نیک
نام: 2.jpg نمایش: 1804 اندازه: 6.0 کیلو بایت

bitsie tulloch as juliette silverton
نیک

نام: 4.jpg نمایش: 2064 اندازه: 5.9 کیلو بایت

silas weir mitchell as eddie monroe
که یک گرگ بدجنس بزرگ میباشد که در مقابل نیک قرار میگیرد

نام: 6.jpg نمایش: 2119 اندازه: 7.7 کیلو بایت

sasha roiz as captain renard
یک شکارچی

نام: 7.jpg نمایش: 2033 اندازه: 5.5 کیلو بایت

jobs

definitions

accountant

a person that works with the money and accounts of a company.

actor /actress

a person that acts in a play or a movie

architect

a person that designs building and houses.

author

they write books or novels.

baker

they make bread and cakes and normally work in a bakery.

bricklayer

a person that helps to build houses using bricks.

bus driver

a person that drives buses.

butcher

a person that works with meat. they cut the meat and sell it in their shop.

carpenter

a person that makes things from wood including houses and furniture.

chef/cook

a person that prepared food for others, often in a restaurant or café.

cleaner

a person that cleans/tidies an area or place (such as in an office)

dentist

a person that can fix problems you have with your teeth.

designer

a person who has the job of designing things.

doctor

a person you go to see when you are ill or have some type of health problem.

dustman/refuse collector

a person that collects trash/rubbish from bins in the street.

electrician

a person that works with electric circuits.

factory worker

a person that works in a factory.

farmer

a person that works on a farm, usually with animals.

fireman/fire fighter

a person that puts out fires.

fisherman

a person that catches fish

florist

a person that works with flowers.

gardener

a person that keeps gardens clean and tidy. they take care of the plants in the garden.

hairdresser

they cut your hair or give it a new style.

journalist.

a person that makes new reports in writing or through television.

judge

a qualified person that decides cases in a law court.

lawyer

a person that defends people in court and gives legal advice.

lecturer

a person that gives lectures, usually in a university.

librarian

a person that works in a library.

lifeguard

a person that saves lives where people swim (at a beach or swimming pool).

mechanic

a person that repairs machines, especially car motors.

model

a (usually attractive) person that works in fashion, modeling clothes and accessories.

newsreader

a person that reads the news, normally on television.

nurse

a person trained to help a doctor look after the sick or injured.

optician

a person that checks your eyes and try and correct any problems with your sight.

painter

a person that paints pictures or the interior and exterior of buildings.

pharmacist

a qualified person that works with and dispenses medicine.

p og her

a person that takes p os.

pilot

a person who flies a plane.

plumber

a person that repairs your water systems or pipes.

politician

a person who works in politics.

policeman/policewoman

a member of the police force. they (try and) prevent crime.

postman

a person that delivers mail to your house.

real estate agent

a person that makes money from selling land for development.

receptionist

a person that is at the reception (entrance) of a company.

scientist

a person that works in the science industry. they do many experiments.

secretary

a person employed in an office who types letters, keeps records etc.

shop istant

a person that works in a shop or store selling products.

soldier

a person who works for the army.

tailor

a person that makes clothes for others, many times producing exclusive items of clothing.

taxi driver

a person who drives a taxi.

teacher

a person that p es knowledge to students, usually at school.

translator

a person that translates from one language to another.

traffic warden

a person that patrols areas to check that people do not park in the wrong place.

travel agent

a person that organizes and sells holidays and flights for others.

veterinary doctor (vet)

a qualified person that looks after sick animals.

waiter/waitress

a person that works in a food outlet, looking after customers and serving food.

window cleaner

a person that cleans windows, normally the windows of big buildings.


boy cycling

mike was an 11 years old boy. he was the only son to his parent. his father worked as a carpenter and his mother was a home maker. although mike’s family wasn’t a rich one, they lead a happy life

mike’s school was located a mile away from his home. mike’s birthday was coming up in a week. he requested his father to buy him a bicycle, so that he can go to school in cycle and not by walk and depend on his father to drop him at school. his father also promised him to buy a bicycle so that he need not walk to school anymore. mike felt so happy

the birthday boy woke up happily with his mother and father wishing him with all smiles on his birthday. mike was feeling very happy and expects that his father would gift him the bicycle. he had a beautiful gift w ped nicely in his father’s hand and surprised

the father gifted him the parcel and mike saw a set of books as the birthday gift from his father. although he was a little unhappy as he did not receive the bicycle, he thanked his father

mike’s father was depressed as he did not have enough money to buy a cycle. he promised to his son that he would soon buy him a cycle

after a week, when he was walking on his way to his home back from school, he saw a boy riding a cycle. mike felt that the cycle was too small for the big boy. suddenly, the boy crashed into a post and skidded in the street. mike rushed to him and recognized him. he was his school mate, named sam

sam was injured badly and there was no one near to help him except mike. mike helped him stand up and provided him water. since sam was riding the cycle faster, his left leg and hands were severely injured. he asked him to sit in a corner and took the cycle and rushed to a nearby hospital to get help


an ambulance e and carried sam to the hospital. he then rushed to sam’s home and informed about the accident to his parent

sam and his parent thanked mike for the timely help. mike in turn thanked, ‘it was all possible just i had sam’s cycle.’ mike also told sam’s parent, ‘cycle is too small for sam to ride and that’s why he was injured.’ sam and mike be e close friends. mike met sam every day in hospital until he was discharged

sam got a new cycle and he e to know that mike doesn’t own a cycle. he gave his old cycle to mike and with mike’s parent permission, mike accepted the gift from sam

one deserves from another for their wellness


در این پست مشاغل را در زبان انگلیسی بیان می کنیم تا از آنها در مکالمات خود از آن استفاده کنید.

1) artist (هنرمند) 2) gardener (باغدار)

3) disc jockey (هماهنگ کننده موسیقی در رادیو و تلویزیون)

4) newsreader (گوینده خبر)

5) hairdresser (آرایشگر) 6) baker (نانوا)

7) butcher (قصاب)

8) pharmacist (داروساز) 9) farmer (کشاورز)

10) fisherman (ماهی گیر)

11) sailor (ملوان) 12) soldier (سرباز)

13) architect (معمار)

14) driver (راننده) 15) travel agent (آژانس مسافرتی)

16) p og her (عکاس)

17) computer programmer (برنامه نویس کامپیوتر)

18) vet (دامپزشک)

19) electrician (برقکار) 20) carpenter (نجار)

21) welder (جوشکار)

22) plumber (لوله کش) 23) mechanic (مکانیک)

24) bricklayer (آجرچین)

25) businessman (تاجر) 26) confectioner (قناد)

27) tailor (خیاط)

28) repairer (تعمیرکار) 29) teacher (معلم)

30) doctor ( ) 31. دامدار / گله دارranchman


 کامل سریال گمشده

سریال lost با کیفیت (hdtv) محصول abc از سایت یک مدیا

«۶ فصل کامل»

نام سریال : lost
ژانر : ماجرایی | درام | فانتزی
کارگردان : j.j. abrams, jeffrey lieber, damon lindelof
بازیگران : michael c. hall, jennifer carpenter and lauren vélez
سال تولید : ۲۰۰۴ تا ۲۰۱۰
محصول :
زبان : انگلیسی
زمان : میانگین هر قسمت ۴۲ دقیقه
امتیاز : ۸.۴/۱۰
کیفیت : عالی – hdtv

فرمت : mkv
حجم : ۱۵۰ mb
کانال پخش کننده : abc
تعداد فصل ها : شش فصل
تعداد قسمت ها : ۱۱۶ قسمت
اطلاعات بیشتر :
کلیک کنید

برای این سریال به ادامه مطلب مراجعه نمائید...

http://www.iranfilm.net


موجود the thing

اکران : 1982 june

ژانر : ترسناک / علمی-تخیلی

زبان : انگلیسی / نروژی

کشور سازنده :

ستارگان : kurt russell / wilford brimley / keith david

کارگردان : john carpenter

خلاصه داستان : دانشمندان با یک موجود فضایی روبرو می شوند که مدام تغییر شکل می دهد، و در واقع به شکل انی که به قتل می رساند، در می آید.

گویندگان:

منوچهر زنده دل / کرت راسل / مک ریدی
پرویز ربیعی / کاپه
سعید شیخ زاده / ویندوز
علی مومیوند / بلیر
شهاب عسگری / کلارک
بهمن هاشمی / چای
تورج نصر / فو


استخدام نجار ماهر و وردست نجار ، درودگر ، کاراموز درودگری و نجاری

استخدام نجار ماهر و وردست نجار ، درودگر ، وکاراموز درودگری و نجاری نجار - سایت درودگران و هنر سنتی ایران زمین آگهی استخدام در شرکت صنایع چوب ایران زمین برای شتاب بخشیدن بیش از پیش به عملیات اجرایی و پروژه های اجرایی به چند نجار ماهر ، وردست نجار ، کارآموز درودگری ...

استخدام نجار ، وردست نجار - سایت درودگران و هنر سنتی ایران زمین - کارگر ماهر نجار به دو نفر کارگر ماهر نجار جهت کار در کارگاه نجاری نیازمندیم استخدام نجار ماهر و وردست اولین بار در « سایت درودگران و مبلسازان ... نجاری درودگری -

فن و هنر ایران زمین نجاری و درودگری بدون اتصالات صحیح به معنای سرهمبندی و بقول معروف ماست مالی است . عملیات اجرایی و پروژه های اجرایی به چند نجار ماهر ، وردست نجار ، کارآموز درودگری نیازمندیم استخدام نجار ماهر و وردست اولین بار در « سایت درودگران و مبلسازان استخدام سایت درودگران و هنر سنتی ایران زمین - صنایع چوب و هنر ایران استخدام صنایع چوب و هنر سنتی ایران زمین ، برشکار ، نیروی فنی ماهر و نیمه ماهر استخدام نجار, استخدام صنایع چوب, کارآموز, سایت درودگران استخدام کارگر نجار و منبت کار آگهی ها و نیازمندی های استخدام استخدام کارگر ماهر نجار آفتاب آگهی ها و نیازمندی های ... رنگ کاری کارآموز معرق و منبت نجار ماهر وردست نجار کارگر ساده کار آموز نجار استخدام نجار استخدام نجار در سایت درودگران و مبلسازان تهران کارگر ماهر نجار نیازمندیهای تهران ... استخدام کارگر ماهر نجار به تعدادی کار و کارگر نیمه ماهر جهت کار در نجاری و ... درودگری - سایت جامع پیمانکاران مرجع اطلاعات و اخبار استخدام صنایع چوب و هنر سنتی ایران زمین ، برشکار ، نیروی فنی ماهر و نیمه ماهر، جهت کار در ... استخدام نجار ، درودگر ، برشکار در سایت درودگران ایران زمین ... کارآموز معرق و منبت ... چگونه مغار ها را در نجاری ، درودگری و منبت کاری را بشناسیم ؟ ... نجاری و درودگری است که با استفاده از ابزار برش مانند : مغار ، اسکنه ، چاقو ، در یک دست و یک ... صنایع چوب ... استخدام. استخدام صنایع چوب و هنر سنتی ایران زمین ، برشکار ، نیروی فنی ماهر و نیمه ... استخدام نجار ، درودگر ، برشکار در سایت درودگران ایران زمین ... کارآموز صنایع چوب پله ( دست انداز پله ) با بدنه چوبی و هندریل چوب راش و روسی و نرده چوب راش و روسی کنده کاری چوب یک شکل از نجاری و درودگری است که با استفاده از ابزار برش شبکه اطلاع رسانی استخدام نیروی ماهر ، کاراموز نجاری و درودگری ، اموزش ، استخدام مونتاژ کار ، کار در منزل ، سری سازی و گروه خبری و اطلاع رسانی سایت درودگران فرد با انگیزه ( شخص ) از یک سال تا سه سال طول می کشد تا فرد یک نجار ماهر شود. درودگری فنی کهن است و انسان از ابتدای شهرنشینی نیز به درودگری و نجاری مبادرت داشتند نجار (carpenter)درودگر یا نجار ی است که حرفه اش ساخت خانه، مبل و دیگر وسایل از چوب است درودگری یا نجاری حرفه ای در صنعت و زیرگروه نخستین صنایع چوب است یک نجار ماهر شویدبا این مجموعه از این پس وسایل چوبی منزلتان


repairman
⛑ تعمیرکار
❇️ shepherd
⛑ چوپان
❇️ farmer
⛑ کشاورز
❇️ gardener
⛑ باغدار
❇️ artist
⛑ هنرمند
❇️ muezzin
⛑ موذن
❇️ banker
⛑ بانکدار
❇️ eleer
⛑ ساربان
❇️ blacksmith
⛑ آهنگر
❇️ goldsmith
⛑ زرگر
❇️ cook
⛑ آشپز
❇️ boss
⛑ رئیس
❇️ dentist
⛑ دندان پزشک
❇️ brigadier
⛑ سرتیپ
❇️ carpenter
⛑ نجار
❇️ caretaker- janitor
⛑ سرایدار
❇️ housekeeper
⛑ خدمتکار (مسول پخت و پز‚ تمیز و غیره)
❇️ housewife
⛑ خانه دار (مادر خانه)
❇️ clerk
⛑ کارمند
❇️ a member of city council
⛑ شورای شهر


سریال grimm با کیفیت عالی

کامل سریال گریم با و رایگان

قسمت 9 اضافه شد

منتشر کننده: شهر

نام : گریم grimm

موضوع: درام ، فانتزی ، ترسناک

امتیاز: 7.8 از 10

محصول:

کارگردان: stephen carpenter, david greenwalt, jim kouf

بازیگران: david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell

کیفیت: 480p – – 1080p – x265

حجم: 75 – 150 – 350 – 400 – 600 mb

زمان هر قسمت: 45 دقیقه


خلاصه داستان: کارگاه نیک برکات فکر میکرد میتواند به راحتی در دایره جنایی پورتلند کار کند و زندگی خوبی داشته باشد تا اینکه چیزهایی دید که باورشان بسیار سخت است. پس از اینکه نیک با آ ین بازمانده خانوده اش ملاقات داشت به چیزهایی پی برد که از رازی بر میداشت و تمام وقایع قابل هضم میشد. نیک میفهمد که او هم مانند همان افراد است که گریم نامیده میشود و افرادی عجیب و شکارچیانی حرفه ای هستند. پس از اینکه نیک به تمام این قضایا پی میبرد، تصمیم میگیرد با دنیای این افراد ارتباط برقرار کند با اینکه به این مسئله بی میل است و ...

ادامه مطلب

سریال grimm با کیفیت عالی

کامل سریال گریم با و رایگان

قسمت 10 اضافه شد

منتشر کننده: شهر

نام : گریم grimm

موضوع: درام ، فانتزی ، ترسناک

امتیاز: 7.8 از 10

محصول:

کارگردان: stephen carpenter, david greenwalt, jim kouf

بازیگران: david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell

کیفیت: 480p – – 1080p – x265

حجم: 75 – 150 – 350 – 400 – 600 mb

زمان هر قسمت: 45 دقیقه


خلاصه داستان: کارگاه نیک برکات فکر میکرد میتواند به راحتی در دایره جنایی پورتلند کار کند و زندگی خوبی داشته باشد تا اینکه چیزهایی دید که باورشان بسیار سخت است. پس از اینکه نیک با آ ین بازمانده خانوده اش ملاقات داشت به چیزهایی پی برد که از رازی بر میداشت و تمام وقایع قابل هضم میشد. نیک میفهمد که او هم مانند همان افراد است که گریم نامیده میشود و افرادی عجیب و شکارچیانی حرفه ای هستند. پس از اینکه نیک به تمام این قضایا پی میبرد، تصمیم میگیرد با دنیای این افراد ارتباط برقرار کند با اینکه به این مسئله بی میل است و ...

ادامه مطلب

اساتید فعال در زمینه های هوش

january 21, 2017

به کوشش آقای احمدرضا حسینی ahmad reza hosseiny


پردازش تصویر و بینائی ماشین

رضا صفابخش صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

محمد رحمتی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترکریم فائز صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی برقاحسان اله کبیر تربیت مدرس – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمحمد حسن قاسمیان تربیت مدرس – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترنصراله مقدم چرکری تربیت مدرس – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتررضا آقائی زاده ظروفی تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحمید سلطانیان زاده تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحمید ابریشمی مقدم صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتر ائی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمنصور جمزاد صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترفرح ترکمنی آذر شهید بهشتی – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمحمود فتحی علم و صنعت ایران – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر 

پردازش صوت و گفتار

محمدمهدی همایونپور صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترسیدمحمد احدی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی برقحمید شیخ زاده صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی برقابوالقاسم صیادیان صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی برقسیدعلی سیدصالحی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی پزشکیفرشاد الماس گنج صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی پزشکیبابک ناصرشریف صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحسین ثامتی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمحمدحسن ساوجی شهید بهشتی – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتراحمد اکبری علم و صنعت ایران – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

شبکه های عصبی

رضا صفابخش صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمحمدباقر منهاج صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترسیدعلی سیدصالحی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی پزشکیمحمد تشنه لب صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتر

پردازش، تحلیل و شناسایی الگو

محمد رحمتی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوتراحسان اله کبیر تربیت مدرس – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتربابک اعر تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحمید ابریشمی مقدم صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمهدیه سلیمانی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترحمیدرضا ربیعی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمرتضی آنالویی علم و صنعت ایران – دانشکده ی کامپیوترهادی صادقی یزدی فردوسی – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

هوش محاسباتی، رایانش نرم

مریم ذکری صنعتی اصفهان – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترعبدالرضا میرزائی صنعتی اصفهان – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمحمدرضا میبدی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوتراحمد نیک آبادی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترعلی احمدی صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحمید بیگی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

سیستم های فازی

فرید شیخ ال صنعتی اصفهان – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمحمدمهدی عبادزاده صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمحمدباقر منهاج صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی برقوحید جوهری مجد تربیت مدرس – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتربابک اعر تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترسعید باقری شورکی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی برقاقبال منصوری شیراز – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمنصور ذوالقدری شیراز – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمحمد رضا اکبر زاده فردوسی – دانشکده ی برق

پردازش تکاملی، محاسبات زیستی

محمدمهدی عبادزاده صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوتراحمد نیک آبادی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترامین نیک انجام صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحمید بیگی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترعادل رحمانی علم و صنعت ایران – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمحمد رضا اکبر زاده فردوسی – دانشکده ی برقرضا منصفی فردوسی – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

یادگیری ماشین

سعید شیری صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترشهرام خدیوی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوتراحمد نیک آبادی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمریم میریان تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحمید بیگی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمهدیه سلیمانی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

پردازش زبان طبیعی، ترجمه ماشینی

شهرام خدیوی صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترهشام فیلی تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترچیترا دادخواه صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترغلامرضا قاسم ثانی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمهرنوش شمس فرد شهید بهشتی – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتر

رباتیک

سعید شیری صنعتی کبیر – دانشکده ی کامپیوترسجاد ازگلی تربیت مدرس – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمجید نیلی احمدآبادی تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترحمیدرضا تقی راد صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمنصور جمزاد صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترسعید باقری شورکی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوترپیمان کبیری علم و صنعت ایران – دانشکده ی کامپیوترمحمد رضا اکبر زاده فردوسی – دانشکده ی برق

هوش توزیع شده

مجید نیلی احمدآبادی تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترغلامرضا قاسم ثانی صنعتی شریف – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

سیستم های چندعاملی

وحید جوهری مجد تربیت مدرس – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترفتانه تقی یاره تهران – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترامین نیک انجام صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتر ناظمی شهید بهشتی – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتر

سیستم های خبره، ی دانش، هوش

محمدعلی منتظری صنعتی اصفهان – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترمحسن صدیقی صنعتی اصفهان – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترچیترا دادخواه صنعتی خواجه نصیر – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوترشهرام جعفری شیراز – دانشکده ی برق و کامپیوتر

داده کاوی 

بهروز مینائی علم و صنعت ایران – دانشکده ی کامپیوتر

 


  • airoldi, edoardo – harvard university. statistical and computational elements for the analysis of complex g hs and interacting dynamical systems, including yeast molecular biology and social networks. overview of publications and activities.
  • alkhalifa, eshaa – university of bahrain. multimedia adaptable intelligent tutoring systems, student modeling, cognitive style.
  • allen, james f. – university of rochester. natural language understanding, discourse, knowledge representation, common-sense reasoning and planning.
  • bacchus, fahiem – university of toronto. planning systems, temporal logic, constraint isfaction problems and formal models.
  • bahlmann, claus – albert-ludwigs-university freiburg, germany, on-line handwriting recognition.
  • beal, matthew j. – university at buffalo, suny. nonparamtric bayes, bioinformatics, hmms, probablisitic sensor fusion.
  • benjamin, d. paul – pace university. problem decomposition and theory reformulation, integrated cognitive architectures for autonomous robots, distributed constraint isfaction problems, semigroup theory and dynamical systems, category theory in software design.
  • biermann, alan w. – duke university. computational linguistics, automatic programming and inference.
  • blum, avrim – carnegie mellon university. interests include machine learning, approximation algorithms, on-line algorithms and planning systems. online publications and talks.
  • brachman, ron – director of the information processing technology office (ipto) at darpa. knowledge representation, machine learning, information retrieval, natural language processing.
  • calvin, william h. – theoretical neurophysiologist and author of “the cerebral code”, and “how brains think”.
  • carberry, sandra – university of delaware. department of computer and information sciences chair. computational linguistics, dialog systems, machine learning, planning and plan recognition, medical informatics, user modeling.
  • carpenter.com/">carpenter, julie – university of washington (educational psychology/learning sciences/life center). human-robot attachment; robot-human interaction in stressful conditions, especially in dyad teamwork or collaborative situations.
  • carreras, xavier – universitat politechnica de catalunya, phd student, machine learning, natural language processing.
  • carroll, john a. – university of sus . natural language parsing, acquisition of lexical information from text, automatic generation of text from semantic representations.
  • c ell, justine – carnegie mellon university. gesture and narrative language, animated agents, intonation, facial expression, computer vision.
  • cer, daniel – university of colorado – boulder. acoustic and lexical features of emphatic speech.
  • charniak, eugene – brown university. part-of-speech tagging, probabilistic context-free grammar induction, syntactic disambiguation through word statistics, efficient syntactic parsing, and lexical resource acquisition through statistical means.
  • chavez, guillermo ara – federal university of minas gerais (ufmg), brazil. pattern recognition, invariante pattern recognition, neural networks, image content-base retrieval, digital image processing, computer vision.
  • chiang, yao-yi – geosemble technologies. computer vision, image processing, pattern recognition, geospatial information integration.
  • clough, paul d. – university of sheffield. information retrieval.
  • conati, cristina – university of british columbia. user modeling, emotionally intelligent agents, adaptive user interfaces, bayesian network student models.
  • conitzer, vincent – carnegie mellon school of computer science. phd student. intersection of computer science and game theory, computer science and economics, multiagent systems, automated negotiation and contracting.
  • cortes, nareli cruz – cinvestav-ipn. artificial immune system optimization, genetic algorithms, evolutionary computation.
  • danescu, radu – technical university of cluj. image processing, stereovision, intelligent vehicles.
  • de baets, bernard – fuzzy relations and preference modelling
  • delord, christophe – enseeiht, france, computer science engineer, artificial intelligence (dialogue simulation, speech acts, prolog), python, lexical and syntactic parsing.
  • di eugenio, barbara – university of illinois at chicago. interpretation and generation of instructional text, computational models of tutorial dialogue, modeling collaboration in human-human and computer-human dialogues, referential expressions.
  • dorigo, marco – université libre de bruxelles, belgium. research projects in ant algorithms, metaheuristics for combinatorial optimization, robot shaping and behavior engineering.
  • dorst, leo – university of amsterdam. applications of geometric (clifford) algebra, exploration, reasoning with uncertainty in robotics.
  • dror, gideon – academic college of tel-aviv-yaffo. text categorization, machine learning applications in bioinformatics, medicine, machine vision and high energy physics, feature selection for categorization and regression problems, artificial neural networks.
  • elliott, clark – depaul university. affective reasoning, synthetic characters, animated tutoring agents, emotion representation.
  • faltings, boi – director of artificial intelligence laboratory, epfl, president of swiss ai society. software agents, constraint-based reasoning, case-based reasoning.
  • finn, aidan – school of computer science and informatics, university college dublin. automated information extraction using convergent boundary cl ification, machine learning for automatic genre cl ification, active learning for information extraction.
  • fodor, jános – basics of fuzzy sets and connectives
  • fournier-viger, philippe – university of quebec at montreal. learning objects, cognitive modelling, virtual learning environments and intelligent tutoring systems.
  • franklin, stan – university of memphis. conscious software, intelligent agents.
  • frasconi, paolo – università di firenze. machine learning for sequential and structured data, bioinformatics, text and natural language, pattern recognition.
  • forbus, kenneth – northwestern university. qualitative physics, spatial reasoning, cognitive simulation of analogical processing.
  • funge, john – ikuni, inc. game ai, machine learning, and knowledge representation.
  • furcy, david – university of wisconsin osh h. heuristic search, planning and re-planning, reinforcement learning.
  • gal i, ugo – university of eastern piedmont. user profiling, hierarchical hmms, learning regular expressions.
  • geczy, peter – riken brain science institute. neural networks, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, fuzzy logic, rule acquisition, rule extraction from neural networks, autonomous connectionistic engine (ace), neural network resources.
  • gini, maria – university of minnesota. distributed intelligence, cooperation of miniature robots, robot navigation, multi-agent systems for e-commerce and supply-chain, economic agents.
  • goel, ashok k. – georgia tech. knowledge-based reasoning and learning, design cognition and computing, creativity, self-adaptation.
  • goyal, ram dayal – intigma india. data mining, natural language processing, data mining, neural networks, image processing.
  • goel, ashok – ashok goel is an ociate professor of computer and cognitive science at georgia institute of technology. research in various aspects of design includes investigation of the creative exploration involved in solving problems.
  • gonzalez-fierro, miguel – university carlos iii of madrid and king’s college london. machine learning, deep learning, computer vision, humanoid robots and artificial intelligence in startups.
  • guinn, curry i. – university of north carolina at wilmington. natural language processing, spoken dialog systems, conver ional agents, affective computing.
  • guvenir, h. altay – bilkent university. machine learning, data mining, and computer-aided language learning.
  • gr o, floriana – university of liverpool. computational models of natural argument, affective natural language generation, conflict resolution.
  • green, nancy – university of north carolina at greensboro. intelligent multimedia presentation systems, argumentation models, automatic generation of textual summaries of g hs, interactive narrative, conver ion agents, user modeling.
  • hagelbäck, johan – aiguy.org
  • harmelen, frank van – vrije universiteit, amsterdam. approximate reasoning, medical protocols, semantic web, specification languages for kbs.
  • h abis, demis – deepmind technologies and now working with google
  • hayes-roth, barbara – stanford university. extempo systems. intelligent interactive characters, interactive story telling, adaptive intelligent agents.
  • hearst, marti – university of california at berkeley. data mining, information retrieval, user interfaces, web search.
  • honavar, vasant – does research on machine learning, knowledge representation, data mining, big data, information integration, probabilistic models, bioinformatics, social informatics, and health informatics.
  • honavar, vasant – artificial intelligence research laboratory, iowa state university.
  • hoos, holger h. – university of british columbia. preference elicitation, dynamic constraint optimization, isfiability problems in propositional logic, computational ology.
  • horvitz, eric – microsoft research. decision theory, reasoning systems, user modeling, reasoning under uncertainty.
  • jacob, rob – tufts university. human-computer interaction, tangible user interfaces, virtual environments, eye-gaze tracking.
  • kadri, faisal – affective computing, computational models of human emotion.
  • katirai, hooman – mit / harvard. machine learning applied to medicine, ehealth, and electronic medical records (ehr) and patient health records.
  • ketter, wolfgang – university of minnesota. computer science and economics, multiagent systems, automated negotiation and contracting.
  • koenig, sven – university of southern california. decision making, situated agents, distributed agents.
  • krogt, roman van der – post-doctoral researcher at the cork constraint computation centre (4c). working on multiagent planning methods as well as scheduling for manufacturing.
  • lambert, lynn – christopher newport university. natural language processing, planning and plan recognition, belief models, negotiation.
  • lecun, yann – director of facebook ai research
  • lenski, richard – michigan state university. interests: self-replicating computer programs that mutate at random.
  • lisetti, christine – florida international university. emotional intelligence, computational models of emotions and affective processes, affective computing.
  • litman, diane j. – university of pittsburgh. spoken dialogue for intelligent tutoring systems, reinforcement learning for optimizing spoken dialogue agents, prosodic analysis of misrecognitions and corrections, plan recognition.
  • littman, michael – rutgers. planning under uncertainty, markov decision processes, reinforcement learning, latent semantic indexing, text retrieval.
  • liu, hugo – mit media laboratory. philosophically motivated ai, commonsense reasoning, aesthetics and ai, istive software agents, lexical semantics, story understanding.
  • liu, jundong – ohio university. school of electrical engineering and computer science. medical image analysis, computer vision.
  • makris, dimitrios – kingston university. senior lecturer and member of the digital imaging research centre. research in 3d pose recovery, motion analysis and multi- era tracking.
  • manning, christopher – stanford university. probabilistic parsing, grammar induction, text categorization and clustering, electronic dictionaries, information extraction and presentation, and linguistic typology.
  • mantaras, ramon lopez de – spanish council for scientific research (csic) and deputy director of the artificial intelligence research institute of the csic. ai and , qualitative approaches to landmark-based robot navigation.
  • martin, james – university of colorado, boulder. empirical metaphor research, latent semantic analysis, information retrieval, co-author of “speech and language processing” with dan jurafsky.
  • mccoy, kathleen – university of delaware. rehabilitation engineering, writing tool for american sign language, natural language generation, text summarization, g h summarization.
  • mcguinness, deborah – researcher in knowledge representation and reasoning systems. co-designer and developer of cl ic and chimaera among others. ociate director of the knowledge systems laboratory at stanford university.
  • mencar, corrado – neuro-fuzzy cl ifiers
  • meila, marina – university of washington. machine learning, probabilistic reasoning, g hical probability models, tree belief networks and mixtures of trees, maximum entropy discrimination, spectral clustering and image segmentation.
  • minsky, marvin – growing biog hy, with links to many related topics. [wikipedia]
  • mitchell, melanie – currently at the santa fe institute. melanie mitchell developed copycat as part of her dissertation work with douglas hofstadter on cognitive modeling of high-level perception and analogy-making.
  • mitrovic, nikola – university of zaragoza. ph.d. student. mobile agents, intelligent user interfaces, adaptive user interfaces, mobile applications.
  • monz, christof – research interests: computational linguistics, information retrieval, automated deduction. site lists on-line publications, projects, activities, and contact info.
  • moore, johanna d. – university of edinburgh. computational modeling of tutorial dialogue, multimedia explanation, integrated techniques for interpretation and generation, patient education.
  • nebel, bernhard – albert-ludwigs-universität, freiburg, germany. professor. knowledge representation, planning, and robotics, with an emphasis on robotic soccer.
  • ng, andrew – is chief scientist at baidu research in silicon valley. in addition, he is an ociate professor in the department of computer science and the department of electrical engineering by courtesy at stanford university. he is chairman of the board of coursera, an online education platform that he co-founded with daphne koller.
  • norvig, peter – artificial intelligence, natural language, lisp and java in ai. computational sciences division, nasa ames research center.
  • novick, david – university of texas at el paso. department of computer science chair. spoken dialog models, mediated communication, user interface development methodologies.
  • papert, seymour – growing biog hy, with links to many related topics. [wikipedia]
  • pelikan, martin – director of the missouri estimation of distribution algorithms laboratory (medal), university of missouri in st. louis. research interests: evolutionary computation, bayesian networks, machine learning.
  • pellier, damien – crip5 – paris 5 laboratory. multi-agent systems, planning and scheduling, distributed problem solving, cooperative robotics.
  • pennock, david m. – yahoo! research labs. electronic commerce, internet statistics, uncertain reasoning, decision theory, market approaches to group coordination, multiagent systems.
  • picard, rosalind – mit. affective computing, texture and pattern modeling, video and image browsing, retrieval and annotation.
  • pietruszkiewicz, wieslaw – szczecin technical university (poland). machine learning and knowledge (data) mining, optimal (kalman) filtering, expert and decision support systems.
  • pinheiro da silva, paulo – stanford university. explanations for semantic web tasks, semantic web tools and infrastructure, model-based user interfaces, formal specification and verification of interactive systems.
  • popple, james – australian national university. legal expert systems.
  • powers, david – the flinders university of south australia. natural language learning, unsupervised learning, data mining, home automation, web search.
  • qu, yan – carnegie mellon university. information retrieval, extraction and mana ent, natural language processing, chinese computing, dialog and discourse processing, machine translation, cooperative human-computer interaction.
  • raina, rajat – stanford university. question answering systems, machine learning, probabilistic models, robotics.
  • reitter, david – university of edinburgh. multimodal systems, natural language generation, structural priming/alignment in dialogue, rhetorical analysis.
  • riazanov, alexandre – computer scientist and software developer. research interests: automated reasoning, theorem prover vampire, semantic technologies, semantic web, natural language processing.
  • roberts, steve – oxford. robotics research group. machine learning, bayesian learning, data-driven inference, signal and image processing, bioinformatics, computational and mathematical biology.
  • roubens, marc – multicriteria decision aid
  • roweis, sam – university of toronto. researcher in pattern recognition, neural networks, artificial intelligence.
  • rudnicky, alex – carnegie mellon university. speech recognition, cmu communicator, dialog systems, speech agents.
  • saffiotti, alessandro – head of the mobile robotics lab at orebro university, sweden. research area: integration of cognition and physical embedding in autonomous robots.
  • schütze, hinrich – stanford university. statistical nlp, text mining, co-author of “foundations of statistical natural language processing” with christopher manning.
  • seneff, stephanie – mit laboratory for computer science. phonological modelling, auditory modelling, computer speech recognition, statistical language modelling, natural language understanding and generation, discourse and dialogue modelling, and prosodic analysis.
  • simon, herbert a. – late professor at carnegie mellon university. one of the founders of artificial intelligence. research mainly in modeling and simulation of human cognition.
  • sims, karl – interviews with karl sims and a gallery of his works in evolutionary art and artificial evolution.
  • smith, ronnie w. – east carolina university. spoken natural language dialog systems, dialog repairs, mixed-initiative, adaptive user interfaces.
  • spears, william m. – research into complex adaptive systems: genetic algorithms (evolutionary algorithms), neural networks, and simulated annealing. university of wyoming.
  • staab, steffen – research topics: semantic web, knowledge mana ent, and natural language processing. list of his publications, projects, courses taught, contact information.
  • swarup, samarth – virginia tech. cumulative (lifelong, multi-task) learning and evolution of language.
  • szalas, andrzej – college of economics and computer science, olsztyn, poland. unmanned aerial vehicles. autonomous systems.
  • taatgen, niels – university of groningen. cognition, act-r, learning rules and productions.
  • tack, werner h. – universität des saarlandes. act-r cognitive modeling.
  • tagliarini, gene – university of north carolina at wilmington. cl ification of sonar returns, fingerprint matching, image compression, and constraint isfaction.
  • taylor, tim – institute of perception, action and behaviour, university of edinburgh. self-repairing robots; artificial evolution systems.
  • terveen, loren – university of minnesota. computer-mediated communication, social data mining, computer-supported cooperative work, recommender system.
  • teuscher, christof – c.v., list of awards, publications, memberships, projects, and conferences. interests in neural networks.
  • thornton, chris – collection of papers relevant to artificial creativity and intelligence.
  • traum, david r. – usc institute for creative technology. discourse structure. grounding in discourse. dialog and virtual reality agents.
  • treur, jan – professor of artificial intelligence at the vrije universiteit in amsterdam. research interests include multi-agent systems, compositional modelling, temporal semantics, common sense and nonmonotonic reasoning.
  • tunstall-pedoe, william – bridge, england. cryptic crossword solving; anagrams; search; computer chess; knowledge representation.
  • turney, peter d. – interactive information group, national research council of canada. machine learning applied to natural language processing, lexical semantics from web mining, artificial life.
  • valdes-perez, raul – papers on scientific discovery and applications to chemistry.
  • van delden, sebastian – university of central florida. partial parsing, natural language information retrieval systems, learning wordnet-based cl ification rules.
  • vasishth, shravan – university of potsdam. abductive inference model, hindi sentence processing, wide-coverage theories of sentence processing.
  • ventrella, jeffrey – gene pool, darwin pond and papers on artificial life.
  • versaggi, matthew r. – artificial intelligence engineer at imagine one technology & mgt ltd.
  • vyas, amrish – university of maryland at baltimore county. intelligent agents in ebusiness, adaptive agents.
  • wahlster, wolfgang – universität des saarlandes. multimodal and perceptive user interfaces, user modeling, ambient intelligence, embodied conver ional agents, smart navigation systems, semantic web services, and resource-adaptive cognitive technologies, vermobil.
  • weerdt, mathijs de – researcher in multi-agent planning at delft university of technology. tutorial on multi-agent planning, list of own publications and publications related to distributed ai.
  • wilks, yorick – university of sheffield. computational pragmatics, belief modeling, lexicons, information extraction.
  • xu, ke – beijing university of aeronautics and astronautics. design and analysis of algorithms, phase transitions, logic programming, data mining.
  • yager, ronald r. – decision support
  • zadeh, lotfi a. – inventor of fuzzy sets
  • zillman, marcus p. – creator/founder botspot.com, executive director virtual private library
  • zimmermann, hans-jurgen – fuzzy o.r.
  • zytnicki, matthias – inra toulouse. bioinformatics, weighted constraint isfaction problems, non-coding rnas.


سریال grimm با کیفیت عالی

کامل سریال گریم با و رایگان

قسمت 11 اضافه شد

منتشر کننده: شهر

نام : گریم grimm

موضوع: درام ، فانتزی ، ترسناک

امتیاز: 7.8 از 10

محصول:

کارگردان: stephen carpenter, david greenwalt, jim kouf

بازیگران: david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell

کیفیت: 480p – – 1080p – x265

حجم: 75 – 150 – 350 – 400 – 600 mb

زمان هر قسمت: 45 دقیقه


خلاصه داستان: کارگاه نیک برکات فکر میکرد میتواند به راحتی در دایره جنایی پورتلند کار کند و زندگی خوبی داشته باشد تا اینکه چیزهایی دید که باورشان بسیار سخت است. پس از اینکه نیک با آ ین بازمانده خانوده اش ملاقات داشت به چیزهایی پی برد که از رازی بر میداشت و تمام وقایع قابل هضم میشد. نیک میفهمد که او هم مانند همان افراد است که گریم نامیده میشود و افرادی عجیب و شکارچیانی حرفه ای هستند. پس از اینکه نیک به تمام این قضایا پی میبرد، تصمیم میگیرد با دنیای این افراد ارتباط برقرار کند با اینکه به این مسئله بی میل است و ...

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عنوان اصلی لاتین : self-gifting guilt: an examination of self-gifting motivations and post-purchase regret


عنوان اصلی فارسی مقاله: احساس گناه پس از ید:بررسی انگیزه و حسرت پس از ید


مرتبط با رشته های : مدیریت - اقتصاد


نوع فایل ترجمه : ورد آفیس(که دارای امکان ویرایش می باشد)


تعداد صفحات فایل ترجمه شده: 21 صفحه


کلمات کلیدی مربوطه با این مقاله: ندارد


برای دریافت رایگان نسخه انگلیسی این مقاله اینجا کلیک نمایید

_______________________________________
بخشی از ترجمه:
هدف: احساس گناه پس از ید یک فرایند نمایشی است که در آن مصرف کنندگان در ید محصولات برای خود قائل هستند. تا به امروز تعیین و ارتباط بین حوزه پشیمانی پس از ید ناشی از این رفتار تحقیقاتی انجام نگرفته است. هدف از این مقاله بررسی و شناسایی و سوابق این موضوع و اثر تاسف بعد از ید را بررسی می کند.
طراحی،روش شناسی،رویکرد: این مطالعه ادعا می کند که دو مورد لذت بردن از ید و زیاده روی در رفتارهای هدیه با تاسف همراه است. در مجموع از 307 یدار که پاسخ آنها به یک سری از اظهارات در مورد رابطه بین سابقه رفتار خود هدیه و تاسف س از ید آن جمع آوری شده است. خود هدیه یک ساختار چند بعدی است که متشکل از درمان،جشن و پاداش و لذت بردن است. بررسی تحلیل عامل و مدل سازی amos مسیر فعال روابط بین صفات مصرف کننده را در جهت لذت بردن از ید و زیاده روی در آن را بررسی می کند.
یافته ها: یداران با لذت بردن و با مقدار زیاد خود هدیه ای به دلایل مختلف درگیر هستند. ارتباط قوی و مثبتی بین لذت بردن یداران و پاداش و انگیزه خودهدیه ای شناسایی شده. تنها تاسف در مورد ید خود هدیه ای در درمان و جشن ها بیشتر مشهود است.
محدودیت های تحقیق:
محدودیت عمده برای محدوده سنی 18تا45 سال است که به این معنی است که افراد مسن تر از نسل یداران حذف شده اند. این مطالعه بر اهمیت تغییرات در رفتارهای خود هدیه ای و تاسف مصرف کننده بعد از ید اشاره دارد.
اص و ارزش:
این تحقیق اولین بررسی در مورد نگرش لذت باورانه از ید و مفاهیم انگیزه خود هدیه ای و تاثیر آن بر تاسف بعد از ید است .

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قسمتی از مقاله انگلیسی

hedonistic shopping
and indulgencethe hedonic shopping experience is personal, subjective andreflects an emotional or psychological worth of the purchasethrough values such as the joy from excitement of shopping,or the escape from everyday activities that the experienceoffers (carpenter and moore, 2009). isfaction-seekingfulfills a biological need whereas pleasure-seeking andhedonism co-exist in the mind of the consumer, and aims toincrease the “quality” of the experience ( pbell, 1987).shoppers anticipate the pleasure that sales generate; thenovelty of a new product; the thrill of the chase and gaining abargain. thus, hedonic consumers shop because it “feelsgood” and make no attempt to consider the full consequencesof action through regret or post purchase dissonance.hedonic consumption seeks novelty, variety and surprise(holbrook and hirschman, 1982) which are hallmarks ofcontemporary consumer society (pandya and venkatesh,1992). phrases such as “shop ’til you drop” and “i shoptherefore i am” go beyond basic need fulfillment and reflect theincreasing importance that consumers attribute to personalacquisitions (westphalet al., 2002). ethical hedonism claims itis fundamentally right, proper and just to seek pleasure and thepursuit of pleasure rationalises such “action” by making it“purposeful” to the extent that rationality and intentionalaction reflect a pleasure oriented foundation (o’shaughnessyand o’shaughnessy, 2002). without considering theconsequences of actions, hedonistic shoppers will continue to“buy” brands, expensive products, novel experiences andembrace the ideology of ceaseless consumption of materialgoods (rohatyn, 1990). such consequences lead to therealization that with every new acquisition comesdisappointment, restlessness, post-purchase regret andsubsequently leads to more conspicuous consumption.



سریال grimm با کیفیت عالی

کامل سریال گریم با و رایگان

قسمت دوازدهم اضافه شد

منتشر کننده: شهر

نام : گریم grimm

موضوع: درام ، فانتزی ، ترسناک

امتیاز: 7.8 از 10

محصول:

کارگردان: stephen carpenter, david greenwalt, jim kouf

بازیگران: david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell

کیفیت: 480p – – 1080p – x265

حجم: 75 – 150 – 350 – 400 – 600 mb

زمان هر قسمت: 45 دقیقه


خلاصه داستان: کارگاه نیک برکات فکر میکرد میتواند به راحتی در دایره جنایی پورتلند کار کند و زندگی خوبی داشته باشد تا اینکه چیزهایی دید که باورشان بسیار سخت است. پس از اینکه نیک با آ ین بازمانده خانوده اش ملاقات داشت به چیزهایی پی برد که از رازی بر میداشت و تمام وقایع قابل هضم میشد. نیک میفهمد که او هم مانند همان افراد است که گریم نامیده میشود و افرادی عجیب و شکارچیانی حرفه ای هستند. پس از اینکه نیک به تمام این قضایا پی میبرد، تصمیم میگیرد با دنیای این افراد ارتباط برقرار کند با اینکه به این مسئله بی میل است و ...

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سریال grimm فصل ششم

قسمت چهارم اضافه شد

ژانر : درام , فانتزی , ترسناک
زبان : انگلیسی
کیفیت : ۴۸۰p – ۷۲۰p
فرمت : mkv
حجم : ۱۵۰ مگابایت
محصول : nbc
ستارگان : david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell
کارگردان : jim kouf, david greenwalt, stephen carpenter

وضعیت: در حال پخش ( ۲۰۱۱ – )

کارآگاه نیک برکات فکر می کرد که برای کار در دایره ی جناییِ پورتلند آمادست , تا اینکه شروع به دیدن چیزهایی کرد که توضیحی براشون نداشت . و بعد از ملاقات با آ ین بازمانده ی خانوادش , نیک به رازی که در پس این وقایع هست پی می بره . نیک مثل بقیه ی آدمها نیست , اون از نوادگانِ نسلی از شکارچی هاست که به اسم “گریم” شناخته می شن. انی که مسوول جلوگیری از تکثیر موجوداتِ ماورالطبیعه هستن. و این گونست که داستانِ نیک آغاز می شه , در حالی که در ابتدا نسبت به این جریان بی میله ولی در حالی که مشغول کار بر روی پرونده های جنایی به همراهِ همکارش هست به جریاناتی بر می خوره که باعث می شه با دنیای این موجوداتِ انسان نما ارتباط برقرار کنه …

فصل 6 قسمت 4 سریال گریم - grimm

ژانر : درام , فانتزی , ترسناک
زبان : انگلیسی
کیفیت : ۴۸۰p – ۷۲۰p
فرمت : mkv
حجم : ۱۵۰ مگابایت
محصول : nbc
ستارگان : david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell
کارگردان : jim kouf, david greenwalt, stephen carpenter

وضعیت: در حال پخش ( ۲۰۱۱ – )

کارآگاه نیک برکات فکر می کرد که برای کار در دایره ی جناییِ پورتلند آمادست , تا اینکه شروع به دیدن چیزهایی کرد که توضیحی براشون نداشت . و بعد از ملاقات با آ ین بازمانده ی خانوادش , نیک به رازی که در پس این وقایع هست پی می بره . نیک مثل بقیه ی آدمها نیست , اون از نوادگانِ نسلی از شکارچی هاست که به اسم “گریم” شناخته می شن. انی که مسوول جلوگیری از تکثیر موجوداتِ ماورالطبیعه هستن. و این گونست که داستانِ نیک آغاز می شه , در حالی که در ابتدا نسبت به این جریان بی میله ولی در حالی که مشغول کار بر روی پرونده های جنایی به همراهِ همکارش هست به جریاناتی بر می خوره که باعث می شه با دنیای این موجوداتِ انسان نما ارتباط برقرار کنه …

.:: رایگان زیرنویس سریال grimm  ::.
.::فصل 06 قسمت 01 اضافه شد ::.

لینک : imdb
نام سریال : grimm
ژانر : drama, fantasy, horror
ستارگان : david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell | see full cast & crew
سازندگان : stephen carpenter, david greenwalt, jim kouf
خلاصه : ----


سریال grimm با کیفیت عالی

کامل سریال گریم با و رایگان

قسمت پانزدهم اضافه شد

منتشر کننده: شهر

نام : گریم grimm

موضوع: درام ، فانتزی ، ترسناک

امتیاز: 7.8 از 10

محصول:

کارگردان: stephen carpenter, david greenwalt, jim kouf

بازیگران: david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell

کیفیت: 480p – – 1080p – x265

حجم: 75 – 150 – 350 – 400 – 600 mb

زمان هر قسمت: 45 دقیقه


خلاصه داستان: کارگاه نیک برکات فکر میکرد میتواند به راحتی در دایره جنایی پورتلند کار کند و زندگی خوبی داشته باشد تا اینکه چیزهایی دید که باورشان بسیار سخت است. پس از اینکه نیک با آ ین بازمانده خانوده اش ملاقات داشت به چیزهایی پی برد که از رازی بر میداشت و تمام وقایع قابل هضم میشد. نیک میفهمد که او هم مانند همان افراد است که گریم نامیده میشود و افرادی عجیب و شکارچیانی حرفه ای هستند. پس از اینکه نیک به تمام این قضایا پی میبرد، تصمیم میگیرد با دنیای این افراد ارتباط برقرار کند با اینکه به این مسئله بی میل است و ...

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تعداد صفحات: 11

 

architecture

brunelleschi, in the building of the dome of florence cathedral, not only transformed the cathedral and the city of florence, but also the role and status of the architect.

/

section and elevation of brunelleschi's dome

architecture (latin architectura, from the greek ἀρχιτέκτων – arkhitekton, from ἀρχι- "chief" and τέκτων "builder, carpenter") can mean:

the art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures.

the practice of an architect, where architecture means to offer or render professional services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings, that have as their principal purpose human occupancy or use.[1]

a general term to describe buildings and other structures.

a style and method of design and construction of buildings and other physical structures.

a wider definition may comprise all design activity, from the macro-level (urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture). architecture is both the process and product of planning, designing and constructing form, space and ambience that reflect functional, technical, social, and aesthetic considerations. it requires the creative manipulation and coordination of material, technology, light and shadow. architecture also encomp es the pragmatic aspects of realizing buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimating and construction administration. as documentation produced by architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, architecture defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or any other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed.

architectural works are often perceived as cultural and political symbols and as works of art. historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.

architecture sometimes refers to the activity of designing any kind of system and the term is common in the information technology world.

the architect

main article: architect

architects plan, design and review the construction of buildings and structures for the use of people. architects also coordinate and integrate engineering design, which has as its primary objective the creative manipulation of materials and forms using mathematical and scientific principles.

theory of architecture

main article: architectural theory

historic treatises

the parthenon, athens, greece, "the supreme example among architectural sites." (fletcher).[2]

the earliest surviving written work on the subject of architecture is de architectura, by the roman architect vitruvius in the early 1st century ce.[3] according to vitruvius, a good building should isfy the three principles of firmitatis utilitatis venustatis,[4][5] which translates roughly as -

durability - it should stand up robustly and remain in good condition.

utility - it should be useful and function well for the people using it

beauty - it should delight people and raise their spirits.

according to vitruvius, the architect should strive to fulfill each of these three attributes as well as possible. leone battista alberti, who elaborates on the ideas of vitruvius in his treatise, de re aedificatoria, saw beauty primarily as a matter of proportion, although ornament also played a part. for alberti, the rules of proportion were those that governed the idealised human figure, the golden mean. the most important aspect of beauty was therefore an inherent part of an object, rather than something applied superficially; and was based on universal, recognisable truths. the notion of style in the arts was not developed until the 16th century, with the writing of vasari.[6] the treatises, by the 18th century, had been translated into italian, french, spanish and english.

in the early nineteenth century, augustus welby northmore pugin wrote contrasts (1836) that, as the titled suggested, contrasted the modern, industrial world, which he disparaged, with an idealized image of neo-medieval world. gothic architecture, pugin believed, was the only “true christian form of architecture.”

the 19th century english art critic, john ruskin, in his seven lamps of architecture, published 1849,[7] was much narrower in his view of what constituted architecture. architecture was the "art which so disposes and adorns the edifices raised by men ... that the sight of them" contributes "to his mental health, power, and pleasure".

for ruskin, the aesthetic was of overriding significance. his work goes on to state that a building is not truly a work of architecture unless it is in some way "adorned". for ruskin, a well-constructed, well-proportioned, functional building needed string courses or rustication, at the very least.

on the difference between the ideals of "architecture" and mere "construction", the renowned 20th c. architect le corbusier wrote: "you employ stone, wood, and concrete, and with these materials you build houses and palaces: that is construction. ingenuity is at work. but suddenly you touch my heart, you do me good. i am happy and i say: this is beautiful. that is architecture".[8]

contemporary concepts of architecture

the great 19th century architect of skys ers, louis sullivan, promoted an overriding precept to architectural design: "form follows function".

while the notion that structural and aesthetic considerations should be entirely subject to functionality was met with both popularity and skepticism, it had the effect of introducing the concept of "function" in place of vitruvius' "utility". "function" e to be seen as encomp ing all criteria of the use, perception and enjoyment of a building, not only practical but also aesthetic, psychological and cultural.

nunzia rondanini stated, "through its aesthetic dimension architecture goes beyond the functional aspects that it has in common with other human sciences. through its own particular way of expressing values, architecture can stimulate and influence social life without presuming that, in and of itself, it will promote social development.'

to restrict the meaning of (architectural) formalism to art for art's sake is not only reactionary; it can also be a purposeless quest for perfection or originality which degrades form into a mere instrumentality".[9]

among the philosophies that have influenced modern architects and their approach to building design are rationalism, empiricism, structuralism, poststructuralism, and phenomenology.

in the late 20th century a new concept was added to those included in the comp of both structure and function, the consideration of sustainability. to isfy the contemporary ethos a building should be constructed in a manner which is environmentally friendly in terms of the production of its materials, its impact upon the natural and built environment of its surrounding area and the demands that it makes upon non-sustainable power sources for heating, cooling, water and waste mana ent and lighting.

history

origins and vernacular architecture

building first evolved out of the dynamics between needs (shelter, security, worship, etc.) and means (available building materials and attendant skills). as human cultures developed and knowledge began to be formalized through oral traditions and practices, building be e a craft, and "architecture" is the name given to the most highly formalized and respected versions of that craft.

it is widely umed that architectural success was the product of a process of trial and error, with progressively less trial and more replication as the results of the process proved increasingly isfactory. what is termed vernacular architecture continues to be produced in many parts of the world. indeed, vernacular buildings make up most of the built world that people experience every day. early human settlements were mostly rural. due to a surplus in production the economy began to expand resulting in urbanization thus creating urban areas which grew and evolved very idly in some cases, such as that of çatal höyük in anatolia and mohenjo daro in the indian subcontinent (now modern-day pakistan).

ancient architecture

in many ancient civilizations, such as the egyptians' and mesopotamians', architecture and urbanism reflected the constant enga ent with the divine and the supernatural, and many ancient cultures resorted to monumentality in architecture to represent symbolically the political power of the ruler, the ruling elite, or the state itself.

the architecture and urbanism of the cl ical civilizations such as the greek and the roman evolved from civic ideals rather than religious or empirical ones and new building types emerged. architectural styles developed.

texts on architecture have been written since ancient time. these texts provided both general advice and specific formal prescriptions or canons. some examples of canons are found in the writings of the 1st-century bce roman military engineer vitruvius, the kao gong ji of ancient china[10] and vaastu shastra of ancient india and manjusri vasthu vidya sastra of sri lanka. some of the most important early examples of canonic architecture are religious.[11]

asian architecture

the architecture of different parts of asia developed along different lines from that of europe, buddhist, hindu and sikh architecture each having different characteristics. buddhist architecture, in particular, showed great regional diversity. in many asian countries a pantheistic religion led to architectural forms that were designed specifically to enhance the natural landscape.

islamic architecture

islamic architecture began in the 7th century ce, developing from a blend of architectural forms from the ancient middle east and from byzantium but also developing features to suit the religious and social needs of the society. examples can be found throughout the middle east, north africa and spain, and were to become a significant stylistic influence on european architecture during the medieval period.

the medieval builder

in europe, in both the cl ical and medieval periods, buildings were not attributed to specific individuals and the names of the architects frequently unknown, despite the vast scale of the many religious buildings extant from this period.

during the medieval period guilds were formed by craftsmen to organize their trade and written contracts have survived, particularly in relation to ecclesiastical buildings. the role of architect was usually one with that of master mason, or magister lathomorum as they are sometimes described in contemporary documents.

renaissance and the architect

with the renaissance and its emphasis on the individual and humanity rather than religion, and with all its attendant progress and achievements, a new chapter began. buildings were


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مقاله کامل درباره معماری

سریال grimm با کیفیت عالی

کامل سریال گریم با و رایگان

قسمت 17 اضافه شد

منتشر کننده: شهر

نام : گریم grimm

موضوع: درام ، فانتزی ، ترسناک

امتیاز: 7.8 از 10

محصول:

کارگردان: stephen carpenter, david greenwalt, jim kouf

بازیگران: david giuntoli, russell hornsby, silas weir mitchell

کیفیت: 480p – – 1080p – x265

حجم: 75 – 150 – 350 – 400 – 600 mb

زمان هر قسمت: 45 دقیقه


خلاصه داستان: کارگاه نیک برکات فکر میکرد میتواند به راحتی در دایره جنایی پورتلند کار کند و زندگی خوبی داشته باشد تا اینکه چیزهایی دید که باورشان بسیار سخت است. پس از اینکه نیک با آ ین بازمانده خانوده اش ملاقات داشت به چیزهایی پی برد که از رازی بر میداشت و تمام وقایع قابل هضم میشد. نیک میفهمد که او هم مانند همان افراد است که گریم نامیده میشود و افرادی عجیب و شکارچیانی حرفه ای هستند. پس از اینکه نیک به تمام این قضایا پی میبرد، تصمیم میگیرد با دنیای این افراد ارتباط برقرار کند با اینکه به این مسئله بی میل است و ...

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اختصاصی از فایلکو پروژه رشته شیمی با موضوع بیوسنتز کلسترول. doc با و پر سرعت .

پروژه رشته شیمی با موضوع بیوسنتز کلسترول. doc


پروژه رشته شیمی با موضوع بیوسنتز کلسترول. doc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

نوع فایل: word

قابل ویرایش 40 صفحه

 

مقدمه:

این استروئید سیالیت غشاء سلولی جانوران را تعدیل می کند. و پیش ساز هورمونهای استروئیدی مانند پروژسترون، تستوسترون. استرادیول وکورتیزول می باشد. تمامی 27 اتم کربن کلسترول در طی یک فرایند سنتزی سه مرحله ای از استیل coa مشتق می شوند.

مرحله اول سنتز ایزوپنتیل پیروفسفات می باشد. این ماده یک واحد فعال شده ایزوپرن است که واحد ساختاری کلید ی کلسترول به شمار می آید.

مرحله دوم متراکم شدن شش مولکول ایزوپنتیل پیرو فسفات اسکوالن می باشد.

در مرحله سوم، اسکوالن در اثر واکنشی شگفت آور به صورت حلقه ای در می آید ودر ادامه محصول چهارحلقه ای به کلسترول تبدیل می شود.

 

فهرست مطالب:

معادله کلی مسیر بیوسنتز کلسترول

بیوسنتز کلسترول

بیوسنتز کلسترول- مرحله اول

بیوسنتز کلسترول- مرحله دوم

بیوسنتز کلسترول- مرحله سوم

تنظیم بیوسنتز کلسترول

srebps چیست؟

ناهنجاریهای مربوط به نقص در بیوسنتز کلسترول

سندروم slos

لاتواسترولوزیز

منابع

 

منابع ومأخذ:

phosphorylation of farnesol by rat liver microsomal and peroxisomal fractions.

biochem biophys res commun 230: 562-8.

paton vg, s erford je, krisans sk. 1997. cloning and subcellular localization of hamster and rat isopentenyl diphosphate dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase. a

ptsi motif targets the enzyme to peroxisomes. j biol chem 272: 18945-50.

engfelt wh, s elford je, aboushadi n, jessani n, masuda k. paton vg, keller ga, krisans sk. 1997. characterization of ut2 cells. the induction of peroxisomal 3-hydroxy-3- methylglutary - coenzyme a reductase. j biol chem 272: 24579-87.

1998

'wanders rj , romeijn gj. 1998. differential deficiency of mevalonate kinase and

phosphomevalonate kinase in patients with distinct defects in peroxisome biogenesis:

evidence for a major role of peroxisomes in cholestrol biosynthesis. biochem biophys res commun 247: 663-7.

aboushadi n, krisans sk. 1998. analysis of isoprenoid biosynthesis in peroxisomal deficient pex2- cho cell lines. j lipid res 39: 1781- 91.

1999

olivier lm, chambliss kl, gibson km, krisans sk. 1999. characterization of phosphomevalonate kinase: chromosomal localization , regulation , and subcellular targeting. j lipid res 40: 672- 9.

aboushadi n, engfelt wh, paton vg, krisans sk. 1999. role of peroxisomes in isoprenoid biosynthesis. j histochem cytochem 47: 1127- 32.

appelkvist el, venizelos n, zhang y, parmryd i, hagenfeldt l, dallner g. 1999.

synthesis of mevalonate pathway lipids in fibroblasts from zellweger and x- linked ald patients. pediatr res 46: 345-50.

2000

aboushadi n, s leford je, jessani n, gentile a, krisans sk. 2000.

characterization of peroxisomal 3-hydroxy- 3- methylglutary coenzyme a reductase in peroxisomes: stero biosynthesis , phosphyorylation , degraation , and stain inhibition. biochemistry 39: 237- 47.

tint , g. s. , irons, m., elias , e. r., batta, a. k., frieden , r., chen, t.s. and salen, g. (1994) defective cholesterol biosynthesis ociated with the smith- lemli- opitz syndrome. new engl. j. med., 330, 107- 113. [abstract/ free full text]

kelley , r.i. (2000) inborn errors of cholesterol biosynthesis. adv. pediatr., 47, 1-53. [medline]

kelley, r. i. and herman, g. e. (2001) inborn errors of cholesterol biosynthesis. a. rev. genomics hum. genet., 2, 299- 341. [crossref][isi]

opitz, j.m., gilbert- barness, e., ackerman, j. and lowichik , a. (2002) cholesterol and development: the rsh ('smith - lemli- opitz') syndrome and related conditions. pediatr. pathol. mol. med., 21, 153- 181. [crossref][isi][medline]

waterham, h.r., ter, j., mooyer, p., noort gv, g., kelley, r.i., wilcox, w.r. wanders, r.j., hennekam , r.c. and oosterwijk , j.c. (2003) autosomal recessive hem/greenberg skeletal dysplasia is caused by 3beta-hydroxysterol delta 14-reductase deficiency due to mutations in the lamin b receptor gene. am. j. hum. genet., 72, 1013-1017 [crossref][isi][medline]

nowaczyk, m. j., mccaughey, d., whelan, d.t. and porter, f. d. (2001) incidence of smith - lemli- opitz syndrome in ontario , canada. am. j. med. genet., 102, 18-20. [crossref][isi][medline]

w if, c. a., zhu, p., kratz, l., krakowiak, p.a., battaile, k.p., weight, f.f.grinberg, a., steiner, r.d., nwokoro, n.a., kelley, r.i. et al. (2001) biochemical , phenotypic and neurophysiological characterization o enetic mouse model of rsh/smith - lemli- opitz syndrome. hum. mol. genet., 10, 555-564. [abstract/free full text]

parnes, s., hunter, a.g., jimenez, c., carpenter, b.f. and macdonald, i. (1990) apparent smith- lemli- opitz syndrome in a child with a previously undescribed form of mucolipidosis not involving the neurons. am. j. med. genel., 35,397-405. [isi][medline]


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پروژه رشته شیمی با موضوع بیوسنتز کلسترول. doc

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مشاغل به زبان انگلیسی

شغل

معادل فارسی

شغل

معادل فارسی

actor

هن یشه مرد

actress

هنر پیشه زن

artist

هنرمند

captain

ناخدا

istant

معاون

demarche

بخشدار

banker

بانکدار

dressmaker

خیاط نه

blacksmith

آهنگر

rancher

گله دار

boss

رئیس

gardener

باغدار

brigadier

سرتیپ

muezzin

موذن

caretaker

سرایدار

eleer

ساربان

clerk

کارمند

cook

آشپز

coach

مربی

dentist

دندانپزشک

colonel

سرهنگ

carpenter

نجار

diver

غواص

rancher

چوپان

doctor

پزشک

house maker

خانه دار

doorkeeper

دربان

council

شورا

fireman

آتش نشان

writer

نویسنده

fisherman

ماهیگیر

waiter

گارسون

greengrocery

سبزی و میوه فروش

professor

guard

نگهبان

seller

فروشنده

guard man

مرد پاسدار

gl maker

شیشه ساز

headmaster

مدیر مرد

headmistress

مدیر زن

judge

قاضی

housewife

زن خانه دار

lawyer

painter

نقاش ساختمان

worker

کارگر

boatman

قایقران

mayor

شهردار

street sweeper

رفتگر

miner

معدنچی

minister

nurse

پرستار

pilot

خلبان

officer

افسر

barber

آرایشگر مرد

p og her

عکاس

clergyman

plumber

لوله کش

specialist

متخصص

player

بازیگر

footballer

بازیکن فوتبال

porter

باربر

butcher

قصاب

president

رئیس جمهور

watchmaker

ساعت ساز

prime minister

نخست

grocer

بقال

psychologist

روانشناس

operator

تلفنچی

reporter

خبر نگار.گزارشگر

merchant

تاجر

retired

بازنشسته

optician

عین از.چشم پزشک

sculptor

مجسمه ساز

callig her

خوشنویس، خطاط

sergeant

گروهبان

forester

جنگلبان

shopkeeper

مغازه دار

teacher

معلم

singer

خواننده

engineer

soldier

سرباز

driver

راننده

speaker

سخنران

decorator

آذین گر

surgeon

جراح

army

نظامی

tailor

خیاط مردانه

baker

نانوا

tiller

سفالگر

governor

فرماندار

tourist

جهانگرد

student

دانش آموز

welder

جوشکار

repairman

تعمیرکار

farmer

کشاورز


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تحقیق مشاغل به زبان انگلیسی

اختصاصی از یارا فایل تحقیق درموردمتن انگلیسی اجزای داخلی ماشین انگلیسی با و پر سرعت .

لینک و ید پایین توضیحات

فرمت فایل word  و قابل ویرایش و پرینت

تعداد صفحات: 4

 

basic mechanics

 

every formula will scarce 1000 readers awayold proverbyou are visitor number 1! welcome!author

we will use these facts in the following chapters about perpetual motion machines.

efficiency

the pure confusion! sometimes i get the impression that every author writing about unity, overunity and efficiency has a different understanding about these basics. the confusion can be undone by a few simple definitions.

 definition: 

   

efficiency or coefficient of performance.

 remarks: 

   

in english-speaking countries, often these terms are used:

unity is efficiency of 1

overunity ist efficiency > 1

basic umptions

  umptions: 

   

for our theoretical considerations, we agree on these uptions:

bearings without friction (idealized bearings)

air resistance will be neglected

point m es

newtonian mechanics, slow motion (less than 0.1c)

all units in si system

the proof of the non-operability of a pmm must not be made by the argument of the unavoidable friction losses, but by the principal flaw in the idea.

reproduceability of results. same conditions cause same effects.

force, power, energy etc.

it is useful to have a clear concept about these basic expressions and their meanings. frequently enough, machines are claimed to have some properties, only because the inventor confuse force with power or impulse with energy.

force

y

work

y

power

y

energy

y

levers and torque

the cl ical pmm i.e. the overbalanced wheel is based on levers and unbalanced m es. the principle of these machines is based on the law of levers.

lever in equilibrumf1  r1 = f2  r2

where a single torque m = f  r . that means a torque is the product of the applied force at a certain radius from the rotational center of the lever.

if the lever shall remain in equilibrum, the condition is that the sum of all torques adds up to zero. if this sum is not zeor, the lever starts to rotate in the direction of the resulting torque.

 machinery

a whole book could be written of machine elements and machinery. this had been done many times, so i'm not going to repeat what can be found elsewhere. but i'd like to draw your attention to some facts, which are frequently regarded as less important by amateur inventors or when analysing technical systems. a particular object of interest are gears.

gears

for sure, you have already seen images of cogwheels and gearboxes. or you may have visited an old mill, where the gears are exposed to the spectator. gears are abundant in machine construction and laymen normally don't have any idea, what happens inside a gearbox. engineers know that gears are very sensitive for inaccuracies in their geometry and they wear out idly, if they are not precisely machined.

 

 

in old mills, this type of gears can be found. because of the shape of the construction elements, they are called lanterns and pinions. before gears systematically were under research, they were made by practicioners. often a carpenter made the work, whereas very fine gears were made by clockmakers. gears for water wheels and mills were crude, did not fit exactly and needed care and repair work. their efficiency was sufficient at their times, but compared to today's modern precision gears, it was lousy.

 

compare this 3-speed automatic gearbox from 1963 with the image above! the main difference is not only complexity, but completely different types of cogs, precisely machined parts, a cast housing, roller-bearings, oil-filling, sealings etc. and: this is a mechanical construction made in m production at prices, at which the gear above cannot be built by a skilled craftsman.although modern gears work at high efficiency, automotive engineers have to take into account that some horse powers remain in the gearbox, thus heating it up.

a gearbox example

this machine drawing is part of a plate from the famous book by agostino ramelli. it is no perpetual motion machine, but intended as a winch for very heavy loads. take this as an exercise to analyze a complicated mechanism! do you think this machine is workable at all? does it contain flaws that make the construction less plausible? into which direction must the operator turn the crank in order to pull the load closer to the machine? can the whole task be solved in an easier way?

from plate no. 180 of le diverse et artificiose machineramelli has given far more complex mechanisms. this one is of intermediate level.

we should keep in mind that ramelli wanted to impress his readers by demonstrating the skilful combination of many machine elements in order to create a new device of unheard capabilities. often enough, ramelli did more effort than was good for his designs. a careful analysis of his machines shows that most of them would work in the indended way, but that some are of little practical value. an operator would dislike to turn a crank a thousand times to lift a load by an inch! (c.f. ramelli, chapter 177) in this example, fortunately this is not the case. if you are sufficiently confused, you may want to check my solution.

flywheels

flywheels are a construction element that is important to store energy either for a short while to compen e irregularities in the rotational speed of a shaft (which can be found even in today's modern combustion engines) or to store energy that is fed in over a long period of time and then used in a short time interval.

 

 

last update: 22 may 2004 / hp@hp-gramatke.de

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